Friday, August 31, 2018

AFRICA: Uganda youth mobilize for Post-Museveni era

Young people dance on the grounds of the ruling PPRD party campaign office. (C. Oduah/VOA)
In DRC, Youth Activists Mobilize for Post-Kabila Era

KINSHASA (VOA) — Young Congolese were at the forefront of calls for President Joseph Kabila to not seek re-election. Now that Kabila has agreed to step aside, young voters are gearing up for the December 23 poll and demanding a free and fair election.

In the DRC, more than half of the country’s 80 million people are below age 25, and many say they feel they have been ignored by successive governments.

As a result, many are skeptical of local politicians.

“The problem in Congo is that we are not free. We are not free at all. We’re in the hands of a few people who want to manipulate us, who want to take us according to their ambitions,” says Ornella Mujinga, 26.

She and her sister, Benta Loma, participated in a street rally in July to demand the government secure the conflict-ridden Kasai region where violence against women is high. Both sisters and more than 40 fellow activists were arrested.
Twenty-year-old Benta Loma was arrested at a July protest she participated in in Kinshasa to protest the ongoing rampant sexual violence against women in the DRC's restive Kasai region. She says she is willing to die for her love of the DRC. (C. Oduah/VOA)
“They brutalized us harshly. All we want is the liberty of those that have been assaulted. They were so harsh to us and we were (just) having a peaceful protest,” Loma says.

Loma says she has decided to dedicate her life for the struggle of a better DRC despite the government intimidation.

“If you condemn what is happening, they will tell you, ‘No this and that,’ and they will begin to pursue you. I want to feel the democracy. There is no democracy in Congo. I would like to see everyone free,” Loma says.

As she speaks, she begins to cry. Her sister watches her with concern.
Members of the Citizens' Commitment for Change gather to discuss the December election. The non-partisan pro-democracy youth group has staged several protests to demand transparency and better governance. (C. Oduah/VOA)
Working within major parties

The DRC has battled political instability, insecurity and corruption for decades. The country is still recovering from two civil wars, and armed groups continue to fight over abundant mineral resources such as diamonds, cobalt, and silver, leaving the eastern provinces in a permanent state of conflict.

Youth activists say they deserve a better future and some are working within existing political parties to advocate for it.

Serge Luabeya attended a strategy meeting with senior members of the ruling People’s Party for Reconstruction and Democracy (PPRD). At the meeting, he shook hands with members of the party’s elite and joined in the chanting of “Viva, viva!”
Serge Luabeya, the deputy leader of the youth league of the People’s Party for Reconstruction and Democracy, attends a high-level strategy meeting where party members are plotting how to attract new voters. (C. Oduah/VOA)
But he’s also looking for young people to reach.

“They have over 55 percent of the population and in the heart of the party also there are a lot of youth. For the vision of the party, for the doctrine and ideology to be realized, the youth are needed,” he says.

Luabeya, the party’s deputy youth leader, said he was inspired by the younger Kabila, who took power in 2001 after the assassination of his father.

“I saw a young president, 29 years old, stand on a manifesto full of courage, with a strong conviction and with a lot of determination and I told myself that he is heaven-sent,” Luabeya says.

He says that under Kabila’s leadership, the economy has improved; but, international organizations, including the World Bank and United Nations, say Congo still ranks among the world’s poorest countries.

Clement Baruti, who leads the youth league of the largest opposition party, the Union for Democracy and Social Progress (UDPS), accuses the country’s military elite of looting public funds.
Clement Baruti, the president of the youth league of the largest opposition party, UDPS, says the DRC must be ruled by law and civil rule in order to make progress. (C. Oduah/VOA)
“This country has been run by military officers disguising themselves as civilians," he says. “We want a government that is ruled by law and civil rule because without such, the vision for progress will not work.”

A turning point?

The UDPS’s front man, Felix Tshisekedi, the son of veteran politician Etienne Tshisekedi, believes that he could be the “savior” of the DRC. At a recent press conference in Kinshasa, he spoke of ambitions to build the DRC’s own Silicon Valley to encourage young people to take an interest in high technology.

But political scientist Felicien Kabamba, a professor at the University of Kinshasa and analyst at the Congo Bureau of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, says such lofty goals will not have an impact until the country’s educational sector becomes a priority.
Young people dance on the grounds of the ruling PPRD party campaign office. (C. Oduah/VOA)
He describes the state of youth in the country as “catastrophic,” although he sees Kabila stepping down as a move in the right direction.

"This historical event introduces us to a new era but the way [ahead] is again very long," he says.

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