Tuesday, March 31, 2020

USA: Reality Has Endorsed Bernie Sanders

Bernie Sanders’s policy proposals are especially apt now, when the coronavirus crisis is revealing an economy organized around production for the sake of profit, not need.Photograph by Justin Sullivan / Getty

The debate over the role of government in addressing income inequality, housing insecurity, debt accumulation, and health care continues, now against the grim backdrop of the raging coronavirus. It is difficult to articulate the speed with which the U.S. and, indeed, the world, has descended into an existential crisis. We are experiencing an unprecedented public-health event whose diminution and potential resolution rests with a series of prescriptions, including settlement-in-place orders, that will annihilate the economy. The deadly spread of covid-19 demands enclosure as a way to starve the searching virus of bodies to inhabit. The consequences of doing so removes workers from work and consumers from consumption; no economy can operate under these conditions.

American life has been suddenly and dramatically upended, and, when things are turned upside down, the bottom is brought to the surface and exposed to the light. In 2005, when Hurricane Katrina and its aftermath ravaged the Gulf Coast, it, too, provided a deeper look into the darkness of U.S. inequality. As the actor Danny Glover said then, “When the hurricane struck the Gulf and the floodwaters rose and tore through New Orleans, plunging its remaining population into a carnival of misery, it did not turn the region into a Third World country, as it has been disparagingly implied in the media; it revealed one. It revealed the disaster within the disaster; gruelling poverty rose to the surface like a bruise to our skin.”

For years, the United States has gotten away with persistently chipping away at its weak welfare state by hiding or demonizing the populations most dependent on it. The poor are relegated as socially dysfunctional and inept, unable to cash in on the riches of American society. There are more than forty million poor people in the U.S., but they almost never merit a mention. While black poverty is presented as exemplary, white poverty is obscured, and Latinos and other brown people’s experiences are ignored. As many as four in five Americans say they live paycheck to paycheck. Forty per cent of Americans say that they cannot cover an unexpected four-hundred-dollar emergency expense.

This is a virus that will thrive in the intimacy of American poverty. For years now, even in the midst of the economic recovery from the 2008 financial crisis, rising rents and stagnant salaries and wages have forced millions of families to improvise housing; nearly four million households live in overcrowded homes. This is the cruel irony of the San Francisco Bay Area’s shelter-in-place mandate: the region is at the epicenter of the U.S. housing crisis, as exemplified by its growing unsheltered homeless population. How do you practice social isolation without privacy or personal space? There are the crowded public offices that poor people congregate in to navigate access to services and income. There are the emergency rooms that function as primary health-care providers—not to mention the county jails and state prisons.

Economic inequality is exacerbated by racial injustice, both held in place by a threadbare social-safety net. Black and brown populations are particularly vulnerable to infection because poverty is a fount of underlying conditions, such as diabetes, hypertension, pulmonary disease, and heart disease, that make it more likely that the virus will be deadly. They are also more vulnerable because greater rates of poverty and under-employment have hindered access to health care. In Milwaukee, the most segregated city in the U.S., where black unemployment is four times the rate of white unemployment, the majority of diagnosed coronavirus cases are middle-aged black men. And as anyone who has ever had to wonder how they will make their rent payment knows, the stress of economic uncertainty is corrosive, eating into the capability of the immune system.

But the danger of contracting the coronavirus will hardly be the problem of the poor and working class alone. Those who, because of poverty and insecurity, are most vulnerable to infection also have disproportionate contact with the broader public, through their low-wage retail and service work. Consider the plight of the home health-care worker. Millions of such workers attend to a largely elderly and homebound population for meagre hourly wages and often without health insurance. In 2018, home health-care workers, eighty-seven per cent of whom are women and sixty per cent of whom are black or Latino, made an average of about eleven dollars and fifty cents an hour. These workers are the sinews of our society: they must work to insure that our society continues to function, even as that work poses potential threats to their clients and the general public. Their insecurity, combined with the failure of meaningful action by the federal government, will make the suppression of the virus nearly impossible.

Thus far, the Trump Administration has predictably bungled the response to the coronavirus. But the Democratic Party’s response has been hampered by its shared hostility to unleashing the power of the state, through the advance of vast universal programs, to attend to an unprecedented, devolving catastrophe. About half of American workers receive health insurance through their employer. As job losses mount, millions of workers will lose their insurance while the public-health crisis surges. In the last Democratic debate, former Vice-President Joe Biden insisted that the U.S. doesn’t need single-payer health care because the severity of the coronavirus outbreak in Italy proved that it doesn’t work. Strangely, he simultaneously insisted that all testing and treatment of the virus should be free because we are in crisis. This insistence that health care should only be free in an emergency reveals a profound ignorance about the ways that preventive medicine can mitigate the harshest effects of an acute infection. By mid-February, a Chinese government study of that country’s coronavirus-related deaths found that those with preëxisting conditions accounted for at least a third of all covid-19 fatalities.

Dismissing the necessity of universal health care also shows an obliviousness to the power of medical expenses to alter the course of one’s life. Two-thirds of Americans who file for bankruptcy say that medical debt or losing work while they were sick contributed to their need to do so. The costs of medical treatment become a reason for postponing visits to the doctor. A 2018 poll found that forty-four per cent of Americans delayed seeing a doctor due to its cost. Already, half of Americans polled have said that they worry about the costs of the testing and treatment of covid-19. In a situation like the one we are in, it becomes easy to see the ways that encumbered access to health care exacerbates a public-health breakdown. N.B.A. players, celebrities, and the wealthy have access to the coronavirus test, but attending nurses and frontline health-care workers, community health centers, and public hospitals do not. Health-care inequalities are problems that have been left unattended, creating so many small, imperceptible fractures that, in the midst of a full-scale crisis, the structure is collapsing, shattering under its own weight.

The case has never been clearer for a transition to Medicare for All, but its achievement clashes with the Democratic Party’s decades-long hostility to funding the social-welfare state. At the heart of this resistance is the pernicious glorification of “personal responsibility,” through which success or failure in life is seen as an expression of personal fortitude or personal laxity. The American Dream, we are told, is anchored in the promise of unfettered social mobility, a destiny driven by self-determination and perseverance. This ingrained thinking evades the fact that it was the New Deal, in the nineteen-thirties, and the G.I. Bill, in the nineteen-forties, that, through a combination of federal work programs, subsidies, and government-backed guarantees, created a middle-class life style for millions of white Americans. In the nineteen-sixties, as a result of prolonged black protest, Lyndon Johnson authored the War on Poverty and other Great Society programs, which were intended to lessen the impact of decades of racial discrimination in jobs, housing, and education. By 1969, with Richard Nixon at the helm, during an economic downturn that ended what was then the longest economic expansion in American history, the conservatives attacked the notion of the “social contract” embedded in all of these programs, claiming that they rewarded laziness and were evidence of special rights for some. When Nixon ran for reëlection, in 1972, he claimed that his campaign pitted the “work ethic” against the “welfare ethic.”

This was an attack not only on public aid and subsidized housing but also on the people using those programs. Republicans successfully tapped into the racial resentments of white suburbanites, who decried “their” tax dollars going to unruly, rioting African-Americans. They resented “forced integration,” “forced busing,” and “the bureaucrats,” as Nixon derisively called the previous Democratic Administrations. It is important to understand that this was not demonization for its own sake or because of some irrational antipathy toward African-Americans. This was about keeping the corporate tax rate low and reëstablishing the profitability of capital in the aftermath of another, longer economic downturn. It is hard for businesses and their political representatives to counsel ordinary workers to do more with less. It was easier to blame welfare queens, welfare cheats, and an oblique, yet black, underclass for the end of these “wasteful” programs. In 1973, Nixon unceremoniously declared an end to the “urban crisis”—the catalyst for much of Johnson’s welfare state. This created the pretext for his gutting of the Office of Economic Opportunity, the office that managed the web of anti-poverty programs created by the War on Poverty.

The eventual defection of ordinary white voters from the Democratic Party to the Republicans meant that the Democrats soon aped the right’s strategy of downplaying the structural roots of inequality while portraying black communities as ultimately responsible for their own hardships. By the end of the nineteen-eighties, the Democratic Party was championing law-and-order politics and harsh, racist attacks on welfare entitlements. In a 1988 column for the Post of Newark, Delaware, titled “Welfare System About to Change,” the then Senator Biden wrote, “We are all too familiar with the stories of welfare mothers driving luxury cars and leading lifestyles that mirror the rich and famous. Whether they are exaggerated or not, these stories underlie a broad social concern that the welfare system has broken down—that it only parcels out welfare checks and does nothing to help the poor find productive jobs.” This statement was hardly extraordinary; it reflected widespread efforts to transform public perceptions of the Democratic Party. By the early nineties, President Bill Clinton was promising to “end welfare as we know it,” which he succeeded in doing by the end of the decade.

This is the historical backdrop to the hypocrisy of U.S. government-spending priorities today. Bipartisan denunciations of big government do not apply to the obscene amounts spent on the military or the maintenance of the nation’s criminal-justice system. The U.S., across all levels of government, spends more than eighty billion dollars annually to operate jails and prisons and to maintain probation and parole. The budget for the U.S. armed forces topped out at a stunning seven hundred and thirty-eight billion dollars for this year alone—more than the next seven largest military budgets in the world. Meanwhile, social-welfare programs—from food stamps to Medicaid, to subsidized and assisted housing, to public schools—are forced to provide on the thinnest margin, triaging crises, rather than actually pulling people out of poverty.

When Bernie Sanders’s critics mocked his platform as just a bunch of “free stuff,” they were drawing on the past forty years of bipartisan consensus about social-welfare benefits and entitlements. They have argued, instead, that competition organized through the market insures more choices and better quality. In fact, the surreality of market logic was on clear display when, on March 13th, Donald Trump held a press conference to discuss the covid-19 crisis with executives from Walgreens, Target, Walmart, and CVS, and a host of laboratory, research, and medical-device corporations. There were no social-service providers or educators there to discuss the immediate, overwhelming needs of the public.

The crisis is laying bare the brutality of an economy organized around production for the sake of profit and not human need. The logic that the free market knows best can be seen in the prioritization of affordability in health care as millions careen toward economic ruin. It is seen in the ways that states have been thrown into frantic competition with one another for personal protective equipment and ventilators—the equipment goes to whichever state can pay the most. It can be seen in the still criminally slow and inefficient and inconsistent testing for the virus. It is found in the multi-billion-dollar bailout of the airline industry, alongside nickel-and-dime means tests to determine which people might be eligible to receive ridiculously inadequate public assistance.

The argument for resuming a viable social-welfare state is about not only attending to the immediate needs of tens of millions of people but also reëstablishing social connectivity, collective responsibility, and a sense of common purpose, if not common wealth. In an unrelenting and unemotional way, covid-19 is demonstrating the vastness of our human connection and mutuality. Our collectivity must be borne out in public policies that repair the friable welfare infrastructure that threatens to collapse beneath our social weight. A society that allows hundreds of thousands of home health-care workers to labor without health insurance, that keeps school buildings open so that black and brown children can eat and be sheltered, that allows millionaires to stow their wealth in empty apartments while homeless families navigate the streets, that threatens eviction and loan defaults while hundreds of millions are mandated to stay inside to suppress the virus, is bewildering in its incoherence and inhumanity.

Naomi Klein has written about how the political class has used social catastrophes to create policies that allow for private plunder. She calls it “disaster capitalism,” or the “shock doctrine.” But she has also written that, in each of these moments, there are also opportunities for ordinary people to transform their conditions in ways that benefit humanity. The class-driven hierarchy of our society will encourage the spread of this virus unless dramatic and previously unthinkable solutions are immediately put on the table. As Sanders has counselled, we must think in unprecedented ways. This includes universal health care, an indefinite moratorium on evictions and foreclosures, the cancellation of student-loan debt, a universal basic income, and the reversal of all cuts to food stamps. These are the basic measures that can staunch the immediate crisis of deprivation—of millions of layoffs and millions more to come.

The Sanders campaign was an entry point to this discussion. It has shown public appetite, even desire, for vast spending and new programs. These desires did not translate into votes because they seemed like a risky endeavor when the consequence was four more years of Trump. But the mushrooming crisis of covid-19 is changing the calculus. As federal officials announce new trillion-dollar aid packages daily, we can never go back to banal discussions of “How will we pay for it?” How can we not? Now is a moment to remake our society anew.

A Guide to the Coronavirus
How to practice social distancing, from responding to a sick housemate to the pros and cons of ordering food.
How people cope and create new customs amid a pandemic.
What it means to contain and mitigate the coronavirus outbreak.
How much of the world is likely to be quarantined?
Donald Trump in the time of coronavirus.
The coronavirus is likely to spread for more than a year before a vaccine could be widely available.
We are all irrational panic shoppers.
The strange terror of watching the coronavirus take Rome.
How pandemics change history.

CANADA: Moncton lockdown day 12 - I am taking up singing


The song is an old Anglican hymn. I am the one singing. I have always loved this hymn because it reminds me of humility. It is really depressing to read the daily stories of the effects of Corona. Yet, humanity still stands together. I hope we can keep it up. MLN Whatsoever you do Whatsoever you do to the least of my people That you do unto me. OR Whatsover you do to the least of my brothers That you do unto me. Whatsoever you do to the least of my sisters That you do unto me. When I was hungry, you gave me to eat; When I was thirsty you gave me to drink. Now enter into the home of my Father. When I was weary, you helped me find rest; When I was anxious, you calmed all my fears. Now enter into the home of my Father. When I was homeless, you opened your door; When I was naked, you gave me your coat. Now enter into the home of my Father. When in a prison, you came to my cell; When on a sickbed, you cared for my needs. Now enter into the home of my Father. When I was laughed at, you stood by my side; When I was happy, you shared in my joy. Now enter into the home of my Father.

US death toll eclipses China’s, CNN’s Chris Cuomo infected

A body wrapped in plastic is unloaded from a refrigerated truck and handled by medical workers wearing personal protective equipment due to COVID-19 concerns, Tuesday, March 31, 2020, at Brooklyn Hospital Center in the Brooklyn borough of New York. The body was moved to a hearse to be removed to a mortuary. The new coronavirus causes mild or moderate symptoms for most people, but for some, especially older adults and people with existing health problems, it can cause more severe illness or death. (AP Photo/John Minchillo)
NEW YORK (Associated Press) — The U.S. death toll from the coronavirus climbed past 3,500 Tuesday, eclipsing China’s official count, as the deepening crisis in New York hit close to home for the governor, who announced with tears in his eyes that his brother, CNN anchor Chris Cuomo, has become infected.

“Luckily we caught it early enough,” Gov. Andrew Cuomo said of his 49-year-old brother, now quarantined in his basement. “But it’s my family, it’s your family, it’s all of our families. But this virus is that insidious, and we must keep that all in mind.”

Elsewhere around the world, hard-hit Italy reported that the infection rate appears to be leveling off and new cases could start declining, but that the crisis is far from over. Spain struggled to fend off the collapse of its hospital system. Vladimir Putin’s Russia moved to crack down on quarantine violations and “fake news” about the outbreak. And China edged closer to normal as stores in the epicenter city of Wuhan began reopening.

Worldwide, more than 800,000 people have been infected and over 40,000 have died, according to a tally kept by Johns Hopkins University. Italy and Spain accounted for half the deaths, while the U.S. had around 3,550 by midday, overtaking China’s official toll of about 3,300.

New York was the nation’s deadliest hot spot, with about 1,550 deaths statewide, most of them in New York City.

A 1,000-bed emergency hospital set up at the mammoth Javits Convention Center began taking non-coronavirus patients to help relieve the city’s overwhelmed health system. A Navy hospital ship with 1,000 beds that arrived on Monday was expected to begin accepting patients on Tuesday.

The indoor tennis center that is the site of the U.S. Open tournament is being turned into a hospital as well.

Chris Cuomo tweeted that he has suffered from fever, chills and shortness of breath and that he would be doing his shows from his basement. He said he is worried about infecting his wife and children but added: “We will all beat this by being smart and tough and united!”

Meanwhile, New York authorities worked to bring on more volunteer health care professionals and hoped to have them on board by Thursday.

Nearly 80,000 former nurses, doctors and others are already said to be stepping forward to help New York, and the governor said authorities are doing background checks for disciplinary actions and otherwise making sure they are fit for duty.

The city also worked to bring in bring in 250 out-of-town ambulances and 500 paramedics to help its swamped EMS system.

The city’s ambulances are responding to about 6,000 calls a day, or 50% more than average, authorities said. Fire Commissioner Daniel Nigro said a five-day stretch last week was the busiest in the history of the city’s EMS operation.

Figures on deaths and infections around the world are supplied by government health authorities and compiled by Johns Hopkins.

But the numbers are regarded with skepticism by public health experts because of different counting practices, a lack of testing in places, the numerous mild cases that have been missed, and perhaps government efforts to downplay the severity of the crisis.

For example, in Italy, where the death toll was put at about 12,400, the country’s emergency coordinator, Domenico Arcuri, acknowledged that officials don’t have a handle on how many people are dying at home or in nursing homes.

Still, there was a glimmer of hope there: Dr. Silvio Brusaferro, head of Italy’s institutes of health, said that three weeks into a nationwide lockdown, the hardest-hit country in Europe is seeing the rate of new infections level off.

“The curve suggests we are at the plateau,” he said. But “arriving at the plateau doesn’t mean we have conquered the peak and we’re done. It means now we should start to see the decline if we continue to place maximum attention on what we do every day.”

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With the country’s health care system buckling under the pressure, a field hospital, built in just 10 days, was unveiled at the Milan fairgrounds.

“We made a promise and we kept it,” said the head of the project, former civil protection chief Guido Bertolaso, who ended up catching the virus while on the job and had to work from his hospital bed.

In Russia, lawmakers approved harsher punishments, including prison sentences of several years, for violating quarantine rules and spreading misinformation. The chief doctor at Moscow’s top hospital for coronavirus patients said he tested positive, a week after shaking hands with Putin.

Spain reported more than 840 new deaths, pushing the toll above 8,000 and forcing Madrid to open a second temporary morgue after an ice rink pressed into service last week became overwhelmed.

Dozens of hotels across Spain have been turned into recovery rooms, and authorities are building field hospitals in sports centers, libraries and exhibition halls.

Israel’s Defense Ministry said it has converted a missile-production facility into an assembly line for ventilators.

Michigan and Louisiana were running out of breathing machines, despite promises by the White House of more equipment. Cuomo described the bidding for ventilators as like being “on eBay.”

Louisiana’s governor said the hard-hit New Orleans region is on track to run out of ventilators by the weekend and hospital beds a week later. The Trump administration has committed to sending 150 ventilators from the national stockpile, but the state hasn’t received an arrival date. Michigan said it needs 5,000 to 10,000 more.

In Florida, the Holland America cruise line pleaded with state officials to let two ships dock and carry off the sick and the dead. Dozens aboard have reported flu-like symptoms, and four people have died.

But Gov. Ron DeSantis said on Fox News: “We cannot afford to have people who are not even Floridians dumped into South Florida using up those valuable resources.”

For most people, the coronavirus causes mild or moderate symptoms, such as fever and cough. But for others, especially older adults and people with existing health problems, it can cause severe symptoms like pneumonia.

Among the few positive signs: In Britain, where the number of dead reached nearly 1,800, the medical director of the National Health Service’s operations in England said there is evidence that social distancing is working.

And China reported just one new death from the coronavirus and 48 new cases, all of them from overseas. In Wuhan, people were ready to “revenge shop” as the city that was once at the very center of the outbreak reopened.

Still, Dr. Takeshi Kasai, the World Health Organization’s regional director for the Western Pacific, cautioned that the risk in Asia and the Pacific is not gone.

“This is going to be a long-term battle and we cannot let down our guard,” Kasai said.

ENERGY: Oil report for March 31, 2020

Image may be subject to copyright

Imperial Oil to cut spending by C$1 billion. Imperial Oil (TSE: IMO) will cut capex by C$500 million and it also said that it will cut opex by C$500 million. 


- The OVX index measures implied volatility of oil prices and is calculated by using movements in the prices of financial options for WTI.

- The OVX reached 190 on March 20, an all-time high measurement for the index since it began in 2007.

- Since 1999, daily movements in oil prices remained below 2 percent roughly 70 percent of the time. There have only been a handful of times in which prices moved by more than 10 percent in a single day in the past 20 years, but that occurred 6 times in March 2020.

- On March 9, prices fell by 25 percent, and on March 18, prices fell by 24 percent. These were the two largest single-day movements for WTI in more than 20 years.
Market Movers

- TC Energy (NYSE: TRP) said it would move forward with the Keystone XL pipeline if the provincial government of Alberta chips in $1.1 billion in equity.

- Range Resources (NYSE: RRC) to cut 2020 capex by 17 percent.

- Valero (NYSE: VLO) said it would curtail operations at two more refineries, including its St. Charles refinery in Louisiana and its Port Arthur, TX refinery.

Chart of the Week

Tuesday March 31, 2020

WTI opened slightly up but, at $20 per barrel, remains stuck at 18-year lows. There are few reasons to be optimistic, as most analysts see demand destruction growing by the day. It seems the rebound in oil prices earlier in the month was only a temporary relief.

Demand destruction to exceed 20 percent. Global oil demand could fall by more than 20 mb/d, and market forecasts continue to see daily revisions. “Oil demand is breaking away, probably by much more than the 20% we have currently in our books for April/May,” JBC Energy said.

Pioneer and Parsley want Texas emergency meeting. Pioneer Natural Resources (NYSE: PXD) and Parsley Energy (NYSE: PE) asked Texas oil regulators for an emergency meeting to consider mandatory production cuts. The American Petroleum Institute called the idea “shortsighted.”

Trump speaks with Putin. President Trump spoke with Russian President Vladimir Putin on Monday, and they agreed to have their top energy officials discuss the sliding oil market. Trump is trying to convince Saudi Arabia and Russia to back off the price war, but has little leverage. “I never thought I’d be saying that maybe we have to have an oil (price) increase, because we do,” Trump said prior to the call on a Fox News interview. “The price is so low now they’re fighting like crazy over, over distribution and over how many barrels to let go.”

Pipeline companies tell drillers to cut. Texas pipeline companies have told shale drillers to cut upstream production because pipelines and downstream storage and refineries are reaching capacity. The move is a sign that shut ins are just around the corner.

Shell backs out of LNG project. Royal Dutch Shell (NYSE: RDS.A) withdrew from the proposed Lake Charles LNG project in Louisiana. Shell’s partner, Energy Transfer Partners (NYSE: ETP), remains in the project, but has delayed an FID.

North Sea platforms hit by coronavirus. The FT reports that more than a dozen workers at an offshore platform in the North Sea had to be quarantined from the rest of their crew because of the coronavirus. “Staffing will really be an issue,” one industry executive told the FT. “The reality is that people working on these sites will get it. You can’t have the entire world in lockdown but keep these projects running just as they have been.”

African oil producers struggle. Oil producing countries in Africa will struggle with low prices. Nigeria could see production fall by 35 percent without offshore investment. The continent could see production fall by 200,000 bpd through 2025, according to Rystad. The downturn threatens government finances. “This is really different terrain, and these are very vulnerable economies,” Alex Vines, head of the Africa Programme at British think-tank Chatham House, told Reuters.

Natural gas prices could double in 2021. The sharp drop in associated natural gas production in the Permian could tighten up natural gas prices, with analysts seeing prices potentially doubling in 2021.

10 mb/d of production to be shut-in. IHS Markit says that 10 mb/d of global production could be shut in between April and June. Other analysts have smaller numbers. OPEC+ is expected to add 4 mb/d this year, but total global production could fall by 200,000 bpd, according to Energy Aspects, which highlights just how much supply needs to contract in non-OPEC countries. Goldman Sachs puts global decline at 900,000 bpd, “with the true number likely higher and growing by the hour.” Goldman said production capacity could shrink by 5 mb/d this year.

Trump to finalize weaker fuel economy standards. The Trump administration is set to announce its final rule for weaker fuel economy standards on Tuesday. The new rules will allow the U.S. auto fleet to emit nearly 1 billion tons more of CO2 over their lifetimes than the Obama-era rules. The old rule would have required automakers to achieve 55 miles per gallon across their fleets by 2025. The Trump rule will lower than to 40 mpg.

Oil storage in danger of filling up. The global oil market is “broken,” with storage filling up and surplus cargoes selling for steep discounts, according to Bloomberg. At current rates, storage could top off in just a few months. “The physical oil market has seized up,” said Gary Ross, chief investment officer of Black Gold Investors LLC.

Equinor says Sverdrup to beat expectations. Equinor (NYSE: EQNR) said that its Johan Sverdrup field could ramp up production faster than expected.

Banks see $34 oil for 2020. A WSJ survey of 11 investment banks predicts an average WTI price of $34.95 for 2020 and $38.12 for Brent.

Refineries blast Trump admin on ethanol. The Trump administration has decided not to appeal a federal court decision that limited the government’s ability to issue waivers to refiners to allow them to get out of their ethanol blending requirements. It’s the latest twist in a multi-year battle between refiners and the ethanol industry, and the latest chapter ends in the favor of ethanol. At the same time, ethanol plants are shutting down because of collapsing demand.

Lenders take control of Sanchez Energy. The top lenders of Sanchez Energy (OTCMKTS: SNECQ) took a majority stake in the company after the driller was unable to pay back $200 million in bankruptcy loans that have kept it afloat during the proceedings, according to the Wall Street Journal.

PBF Energy sells assets, sees stock jump. PBF Energy (NYSE: PBF) saw its stock price jump 20 percent on Monday after it announced an asset sale and spending cuts. But Bloomberg Energy analyst said the moves won’t be enough and the refiner will need to draw on its credit facility.

Aramco considers pipeline sale. Saudi Aramco (TADAWUL: 2222) is considering a sale of a stake in its pipeline unit in an effort to raise cash, and the company thinks it can raise $10 billion from the sale.


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FILM: My Afternoons with Margueritte / Mes après-midi avec Marguerite - Starring Gérard Depardieu

My Afternoons with Margueritte

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

My Afternoons with Margueritte
La tête en friche.jpg

Directed by Jean Becker
Produced by Louis Becker
Gérard Depardieu

Screenplay by Jean Becker
Jean-Loup Dabadie

Story by Amélie Bérard

Based on My Afternoons with Margueritte
by Marie-Sabine Roger
Starring Gérard Depardieu
Gisèle Casadesus
Music by Laurent Voulzy
Cinematography Arthur Cloquet
Edited by Jacques Witta
K.J.B. Production
Distributed by StudioCanal
Release date
5 September 2010
Running time
82 minutes
Country France
Language French
Budget $8.3 million
Box office $14.2 million[1]
My Afternoons with Margueritte (French: La Tête en friche) is a 2010 French film directed by Jean Becker, based on the book of the same name by Marie-Sabine Roger. It stars Gérard Depardieu, Gisèle Casadesus, Claire Maurier, Maurane, and François-Xavier Demaison. The film tells the story of an illiterate man who bonds with an older, well-read woman.[2]

Germain is a 45-year-old illiterate handyman who has not had much luck in his life so far. He was bullied at school, both by the teacher and the other pupils because he was a slow reader. His mother never gave him love and affection, and kept reminding him that he was clumsy and an unwanted child, the result of a fling at the French national holiday. But he is loyal, with a good heart, and still parks his trailer close to her house where he maintains his lovely vegetable garden. He earns some extra money by taking his vegetables to the weekly farmers' market in the truck borrowed from the bar where he relaxes every day with his friends, joking and chatting. His girl friend Annette is a younger woman who drives the local bus, and is very much in love with this sweet, simple and loving man.

One afternoon Germain meets Margueritte, a delicate 95-year-old lady who sits on the same bench to feed the 19 pigeons that he has observed so often that he knows them by sight and has given them names. She is highly educated, a scientist who has traveled the world with the World Health Organization and now spends her life reading in the genteel retirement home in this small town. They connect over a text from The Plague by Albert Camus, but because Germain is barely literate Margueritte starts to read the book aloud to him.

Slowly he starts to appreciate the beauty of words and sentences and books because he is a good listener and he has a vivid imagination. The symbolism Camus uses in this philosophical novel leads Germain to expand his horizon, making him think as never before. The pair meet every day to continue their reading sessions. A friendship develops that is healing for both, enabling Germain to face the frustrations he silently carries with him.

She continues to read to him, and eventually Margueritte gives him her old dictionary. In it he tries to find words that he's interested in, but because he can't spell he find the dictionary too frustrating and decides to return it when he has agreed to come over to Margueritte's retirement home for tea. She tells him that her eyesight is gradually fading due to macular degeneration, and that she will soon no longer be able to walk unassisted.

Germain decides to reverse roles and try to read to her, but first he must improve his reading skills. With Annette's support he learns to read a story aloud to Margueritte. Shortly thereafter, Germain’s mother dies. Despite his mother's bad attitude toward him all his life, he is still distraught when he finds her dead. At the notary's he discovers that his mother owned the house he had always thought she was renting, and a sizeable fortune she had worked hard to earn, intending to bequeath that to him but never telling him about that.

Meanwhile, Annette announces her pregnancy to Germain, who has wondered about the wisdom of having children because he does not want them to grow up with a good-for-nothing father, but Annette tells him not to worry: he can give love. When Margueritte suddenly leaves her retirement home because her nephew and niece can no longer supplement the costs and is put into a downscale retirement home in Flanders, Belgium, she has left only her dictionary for Germain. Germain traces her down and brings her with him to his house. On the way home, Germain reads a poem he has written about what Margueritte has done for him:

It's not a typical love affair
But "love" and "tenderness"
Both are there
Named after a daisy
She lived amidst words
Surrounded by adjectives
In green fields of verbs
Some force you to yield
But she with soft art
Passed through my hard shield
And into my heart
Not always are love stories
Just made of love
Love is not named
But it's love just the same...
This is no typical love affair
I met her on a bench in my local square
She made a little stir, tiny like a bird
With her gentle feathers
She was surrounded by words
Some as common as myself
She gave me books, two or three
Their pages have come alive for me
Don't die now,
You've still time, just wait
It's not the hour, my little flower
Give me some more of you
More of the life in you
Not always are love stories
Just made of love
Sometimes love is not named
But it's love just the same.[3]

Gérard Depardieu as Germain Chazes
Gisèle Casadesus as Margueritte
Claire Maurier as Jacqueline
Maurane as Francine
François-Xavier Demaison as Gardini
Anne Le Guernec as Jacqueline
Amandine Chauveau as Jacqueline
Sophie Guillemin as Annette
Florian Yven as Germain
Patrick Bouchitey as Landremont
Régis Laspalès as M. Bayle
Jean-François Stévenin as Joseph
Lyes Salem as Youssef
Matthieu Dahan as Julien
Bruno Ricci as Marco
Mélanie Bernier as Stéphanie

CANADA: Moncton lockdown day 12 - even the pets are going insane

Pumpkin Lefranc - copyright is Natasha
So, anyway, to be locked up in a house for this long is no good for neither the humans nor the pets.

This morning, March 31, 2020 (Dwendi duendi), I got into a totally useless fight with Pumpkin (Punchin). She was laying on Rebecca's bed and sleeping away. Usually, she sleeps on Natasha's bed. So I went to jolt her awake.

"Pumpkin, if we keep lying about and sleeping all day, we are going to gain weight. Time for you and Theodore to go out for a walk. Come with me".

Now, Theodore also did not have a good morning. One of his toe nails fell off and he was bleeding. I did the needful. I took rubbing alcohol and soaked it around his foot and then put a sock on it and tied it down with a rubber band. He did not like it at all and he snarled at me. I then look at him and say "do you know that when we run out of food you will make excellent pork chops?". He shut up.

Back to Pumpkin. He took off like the daylights. Downstairs. Now, I am standing by the stairs and yelling at her. "If I find you on top of my books on the book shelf on the section I have labeled called "How to be nice to your pet", I will cook you too.

Now, what could Pumpkin be up to? You see, in these days of limited calorie intake, you only move when it is urgent. So, I walked down those stairs to go and catch this cat sleeping on my books and then teach her a lesson.

#Bambi. She had crawled into a luggage carry on bag and gone back to sleep. As if to say "it is getting hot in here, I need to fly out of this place and go for a vacation". I just left her to enjoy that dream. It does not hurt to dream. How many of us are even also thinking of flying to some country which has no Corona so that we can get out of lockdown, isolation, quarantine, nebilala nebilala!!!

Moncton, Canada
Bududa, Uganda

Poem from the Film, “My Afternoons with Margueritte”

Written December 15, 2015 by Jane Beal

It’s not a typical love affair,
but “love” and “tenderness,”
both are there.

Named after a daisy,
she lived amidst words
surrounded by adjectives
in green fields of verbs.

Some force you to yield,
but she with soft art
passed through my hard shield
and into my heart.

Not always are love stories
just made of love.
Sometimes love is not named
but it’s love just the same…

This is no typical love affair –
I met her on a bench in my local square.
She made a little stir, tiny like a bird,
with her gentle feathers.

She was surrounded by words,
some as common as myself.
She gave me books, two or three,
their pages have come alive for me.

Don’t die now,
you’ve still got time, just wait,
it’s not the hour, my little flower.
Give me some more of you,
more of the life in you.


Not always are love stories
just made of love.
Sometimes love is not named,
but it’s love just the same.

English translation given for a French poem
at the end of the film, “My Afternoons with Margueritte” (2011)

Donne moi encore un peu de toi,
donne moi encore un peu de ta vie.

NTVUganda has added Mbarara town goes empty as residents flee business centre video

Mbarara town goes empty as residents flee business centre

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NTVUganda has added Kumi town quiet as residents obey Presidential directives video

Kumi town quiet as residents obey Presidential directives

Kumi town is quiet following the President’s address on measures to address the spread of COVID-19 last night. Many of the residents have stayed in their homes, the shops are shut and the usually busy streets are empty. #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page https://ift.tt/1bbEIWm

NTVUganda has added Police arrest Mbale pastor over defying Presidential directive video

Police arrest Mbale pastor over defying Presidential directive

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NTVUganda has added Butaleja residents get jerrycans, soap to fight spread of COVID-19 video

Butaleja residents get jerrycans, soap to fight spread of COVID-19

The Woman MP for Butaleja Milly Mugeni has donated jerrycans, soap and sanitizers to a number of health centres, markets and trading centres in the district to help limit the spread of COVID-19.. Mugeni said that in spite of the fact that there are COVID-19 cases in Butaleja, the people need to be careful because if one person contracts it, it could affect so many more. #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page https://ift.tt/1bbEIWm

Monday, March 30, 2020

Chris Brown - With You

Chris Brown - With You

Chris Brown's official music video for 'With You'. Click to listen to Chris Brown on Spotify: https://ift.tt/2irfkGX As featured on Exclusive. Click to buy the track or album via iTunes: https://ift.tt/2FWWhMH?... Google Play: https://ift.tt/2iriWsy Amazon: https://ift.tt/2FWe7j1... More from Chris Brown Turn Up The Music: https://youtu.be/eQWG8BVeryU Don't Judge Me: https://youtu.be/z29nI8RQV0U Don't Wake Me Up: https://youtu.be/QOowQeKyNkQ Follow Chris Brown: Facebook: https://ift.tt/32YSGd9 Twitter: https://ift.tt/2qN8ZLY Instagram: https://ift.tt/2PphK9s Website: https://ift.tt/31ReKFm YouTube: https://ift.tt/2Wn0BPb Spotify: https://ift.tt/2Wn0EKR Subscribe to the official Chris Brown YouTube Channel: https://ift.tt/2Wn0BPb More great Hip Hop videos here: https://ift.tt/2hIkDOd --------- Lyrics: I need you boo, (oh) I gotta see you boo (hey) And the heart's all over the world tonight, Said the heart's all over the world tonight Hey! Little mama, Ooh, you're a stunner Hot little figure, Yes, you're a winner And I'm so glad to be yours, You're a class all your own And Oh, little cutie When you talk to me I swear the whole world stops You're my sweetheart And I'm so glad that you're mine You are one of a kind and... You mean to me What I mean to you and Together baby, There is nothing we won't do. 'Cause if I got you, I don't need money, I don't need cars, Girl, you're my all. And..." #ChrisBrown #WithYou #Pop #HipHop

Chris Brown - Forever (Official Music Video)

Chris Brown - Forever (Official Music Video)

Follow Chris Brown Website: https://ift.tt/2oQztKU Facebook: https://ift.tt/19EIrx3 Twitter: https://twitter.com/chrisbrown Instagram: https://ift.tt/1XjWU5K Listen to Chris Brown iTunes: https://ift.tt/1udnFua Spotify: https://ift.tt/2Lv8BdV" Music video by Chris Brown performing Forever. (C) 2008 Zomba Recording, LLC #ChrisBrown #Forever #Vevo #RandB #OfficialMusicVideo

NTVUganda has added COVID-19 blamed for poor delivery of reproductive health services in UK video

COVID-19 blamed for poor delivery of reproductive health services in UK

As the COVID19 pandemic continues on an unprecedented trajectory, it is challenging the reproductive health community. There are fears that most Sexual and Reproductive Health services may be considered nonessential. #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page https://ift.tt/1bbEIWm

NTVUganda has added Lightening kills one in Mityana video

Lightening kills one in Mityana

One person was killed and five critically injured when lightning struck the house in which they were sheltered. The incident in Lubira, Miseebe sub-county, Mityana district happened in the midst of a downpour on Monday. #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page https://ift.tt/1bbEIWm

NTVUganda has added Blood banks cry out over travel restrictions video

Blood banks cry out over travel restrictions

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NTVUganda has added Army picks up five travellers suspected to be hiding from checkups video

Army picks up five travellers suspected to be hiding from checkups

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NTVUganda has added UVRI demands for Ushs1bn as COVID-19 fight intesifies video

UVRI demands for Ushs1bn as COVID-19 fight intesifies

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Stromae - Papaoutai (Clip Officiel)

Stromae - Papaoutai (Clip Officiel)

papaoutai (official video / clip officiel) album √ (racine carrée) http://po.st/RacineCiT --- http://www.stromae.net https://ift.tt/19UFrc7 http://twitter.com/stromae #Stromae #Papaoutai #Vevo #French #ClipOfficiel #Alternative

Stromae - Alors On Danse (Clip Officiel)

Stromae - Alors On Danse (Clip Officiel)

Watch the official music video for "Alors On Danse" performed by Stromae Music video by Stromae performing Alors On Danse. 2009 © & ℗ Mosaert #Stromae #AlorsOnDanse #Vevo #French #ClipOfficiel #Alternative

NTVUganda has added Regional hospitals equipped to handle suspected COVID-19 patients video

Regional hospitals equipped to handle suspected COVID-19 patients

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CANADA: Moncton lockdown, Day 12

Image may be subject to copyright
For 12 days now, I have been craving bacon with harsh browns. We are still good on eggs but we are substituting cake for bread. Bacon. What an elusive item in this pandemic of Corona! Such a missing simple pleasure. The harsh browns, I will finally peel some potatoes and grate them instead of heading to Sally's Convenience Store on Route 132 to buy premade harshbrowns. I will grate my own potatoes thanks very much.

Life is becoming not funny anymore. I counted the eggs in the fridge and there are only 1 egg. Now, how exactly is that supposed to make a breakfast? I think I will just use that one egg to make pancakes. After all, we are making Canadian Maple Syrup and we have a few litres now and it goes very well on pancakes.

NOw I am not even missing that bacon. I am gonna have 50ml of Canadian Maple Syrup and add a few bits of pancakes made with the only remaining egg in the fridge.

That is the hard life in the days of Corona. No bacon. Only cake and Canadian Maple Syrup with a few bits of pancakes. Such a hard hard life!!!

Bududa, Uganda
Canada, Moncton

*** Come on, I am also going insane and looking at food photos on Google hoping to one day eat that food. For now, it is githeri. Posho and Beans. Then back to githeri.

New Zealand Web Site Crashes as Locals Rush to Report Rule-Breaking Neighbors Amid Lockdown


New Zealanders are so eager to report others for breaking COVID-19 lockdown rules that the police website for reporting such cases crashed shortly after going live, local law enforcement officials revealed Monday.

With New Zealand currently under a coronavirus lockdown, strict measures such as maintaining a distance of 2 meters from others have been imposed by authorities. Other restrictions include only allowing residents to leave their homes for essential reasons, i.e. for groceries or medical care.
According to the Guardian, the website for reporting people who break lockdown rules has already crashed on at least one occasion since going live on Sunday. More than 4,000 reports have already been submitted.

"We've had 4,200 reports of people believing others weren't complying," New Zealand Police Commissioner Mike Bush is quoted as saying by AFP.

"It shows how determined Kiwis [a nickname used to refer to people from New Zealand] are that everyone complies with us,” Bush added.

However, not all of those reports are being pursued by police officers.

“Not every one of these over 4,000 reports will result in a visit from police. For example, some are reports of people jogging or walking past. People are of course allowed to do this within their own neighbourhoods. We have been attending where there are large groups of people congregating,” an unidentified police spokesperson told the Guardian.
According to Bush, at least three people in New Zealand have been detained for breaking the lockdown rules, one of whom remains in police custody. He also noted that campervans carrying tourists traveling throughout the country have been a sustained issue.

New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern has also urged the public to report cases of people breaking lockdown measures.

"Now is not the time to bend the rules. This is a time to stay at home and save lives," Ardern recently told reporters, according to AFP.

The latest data from Worldometer reveals that there are almost 600 cases of the novel coronavirus in New Zealand, but only one death has resulted thus far.

‘Ghostbusters,’ ‘Morbius’ postponed to 2021 due to virus

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NEW YORK (Associated Press) — Sony Pictures on Monday cleared out its summer calendar due to the coronavirus, postponing the releases of Jason Reitman’s “Ghostbusters: Afterlife” and the Marvel movie “Morbius” to 2021.

Hollywood’s summer season — the film industry’s most lucrative time of year — is increasingly shutting down because of the pandemic. Theaters nationwide have closed and major film productions have halted with no clear timeline for resuming.

“Ghostbuster: Afterlife,” set 30 years after “Ghostbusters II,” had been scheduled for July 10, but it will now open March 5 next year. The Jared Leto-starring “Morbius,” slated for July 31, will now be released March 19 next year. “Greyhound,” a World War II drama starring Tom Hanks, is now to-be-determined instead of opening June 12.

Last week, Warner Bros. postponed “Wonder Woman 1984” to August instead of June, and undated its adaptation of Lin-Manuel Miranda’s “In the Heights.” The Walt Disney Co. took Marvel’s “Black Widow” (previously May 1) off the schedule. Those postponements followed others for the “Fast and Furious” movie “F9,” the James Bond film “No Time to Die” and the horror sequel “A Quiet Place Part II.”

One Sony release moved up. “Fatherhood,” with Kevin Hart, will open in October instead of next January.

UGANDA: President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni's address to the nation - @KagutaMuseveni @RugyendoQuotes @UG_Edge

Museveni Guidelines Document from Martha Leah Nangalama

MARTHA LEAH NANGALAMA - The document is a PDF file which I just received from Kampala (March 30, 2020) at 23:25 AST (Halifax Canada time, GMT - 4).

Now, this document is a bit long and you can download it or click on the link on my blog and read it. It is 19 pages. He is very thorough in this address. The document was issued at Statehouse Nakasero on March 30, 2020 (Dwendi duendi). Thanks Dickson. MLN


Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Piano Concerto No. 21 - Andante

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Piano Concerto No. 21 - Andante

Piano Concerto No. 21 - Andante "Elvira Madigan"

TECHNOLOGY: Spinning a Web from Past to Future: Proceedings of the 6th International IFIP-Conference Bonn

Women, Work and Computerization : Spinning a Web from Past to Future: Proceedings of the 6th International IFIP-Conference Bonn

*** International Federation for Information Processing - IFIP***

<<"Introducing Point of Sale Technology in a Retail Chain Store: Voices from the Checkout Counter" by Martha L. Nangalama and Andrew Clement >>

BOOK AVAILABLE AT: https://www.doullbooks.com/product/53556/Women-Work-and-Computerization--Spinning-a-Web-from-Past-to-Future-Proceedings-of-the-6th-International-IFIP-Conference-Bonn-GRUNDY-AF-KOHLER-D-ed-SHADE-Leslie-Regan-PETERSEN-U-ed

By: GRUNDY, A.F KOHLER, D., ed. SHADE, Leslie Regan PETERSEN, U., ed.

Price: $50.00 CAD

Quantity: 3 available

GRUNDY, A.F., D. KOHLER, V. OECHTERING, and U. PETERSEN, (eds.). Women, Work and Computerization : Spinning a Web from Past to Future. Proceedings of the 6th International IFIP-Conference Bonn, Germany, May 24-27, 1997. (Berlin): Springer, (1997). Pp (6),[vii]-xvii,(3),[3]-476,(18). 8vo, illustrated silver and red card covers.

"This volume considers the submissions to the 6th International IFIP-TC 9 / WG 9.1 Conference on Women, Work and Computerization WWC 97. The conference provides an interdisciplinary forum for researchers, practitioners and users in the field of information technology. In this book the authors discuss how different areas of society are being transformed by computer technology, but with particular emphasis on changes in women's work and life and how these have come about. Such transformations include the transitions from women's traditional work to work based on modern technology; from communicating within personal communities to communicating within virtual communities; from traditional job gendering to new perspectives on 'who does what'". - from rear cover.

Contents :
Introduction by Frances Grundy, Doris Kohler and Veronika Oechtering;
Welcome Addresses by Wilfried Brauer, Wolffried Stucky and Ute Claussen;

"Feminist Perspectives on Democratization" by Heike Kahlert;

"New Professors - Old Structures: Results of Personnel Replacement in East German Universities from Women's Point of View " by Anke Burkhardt;

"Along the Estuary" by Carolyn Guyer;

" Remembering the Future: Language, Webs, and the Power of the Invisible" by Allucquere Rosanne Stone;

"Social and Cultural Challenges of the Information Society : Politics of the European Union" by Karin Junker';

"Saving Our Children? : The Promise of the Internet and the Perils of Censorship" by Marsha Woodbury;

"Privacy and the Internet: Only a Woman's Concern?" by Martina Schollmeyer, Linda Janz and Urs Gattiker;

"Woman's Worm's-Eye View of the Information Society" by Christel Kumbruck;

"'I don't think that's an interesting dialogue' - Computer-Mediated Communication and Gender" by Margit Pohl and Greg Michaelson;

"Sex, Age and the Desirability of Computers" by David Foreman, Frances Grundy and Sue Lees;

"Access to the Internet for Women's Groups Across Canada" (pp. 113-122) by Leslie Regan Shade;

"IT EQUATE : Through the Web and Internet" by Christine Whitehouse, Gillian Lovegrove and Sue Williams;

"Women's Online Media (WOM) and Women's Internetwork Shuttle (WIS) - A Pioneering Project in Japan" by Yayoi Taguchi and Junko Yoshimura;

"What you see is what you get: Cyberchix and Virtual Systers" by Sue Myburgh;

"Moral Order of an Information System" by Sarah Willis;

"Sometimes Texts Speeak Louder Than Users: Locating Invisible Work Through Textual Analysis" by Ellen Balka;

"Giving Room to Femininity in Informatics Education" by Cecile Crutzen;

"How to Prove it" by Brigitte Pientka;

"Feminist Computational Linguistics" by Alison Adam and Maureen Scott;

"Exploring the Excluded. A Feminist Approach to Opening New Perspectives in Computer Science" by Ulrike Erb;

"To be in Touch or not? Some Remarks on Communication in Virtual Environments" by Barbara Becker;

"Physical Body in Cyberspace: At the Edge of Extinction?" by Kerstin Dautenhahn;

"Body Language Without the Body: Situating Social Cues in the Virtual World" by Judith Donath;

"Does Gender Still Matter? Bodily Functions in Cyberspace: a Feminist Approach" by Priska Gisler;

"Flying Through Walls and Virtual Drunkenness: Disembodiment in Cyberspace?" by Gloria Mark;

"Between Deconstruction and Construction: Contradictory Body Experiences in the Development of Software" by Christina Schachtner;

"Formation of the "Global Office": Women and the Globalization of Information Labour" by Stana Martin;

"Women and Computer Technology in the Banking Industry: An Empirical Example from Nigeria" by Bimbo Soriyan, Bisi Aina and Tanwa Odebiyi;

"What is our Worth?" by Eva Turner;

"Factors that Attract Women to Careers in Information Technology: A Case Study of Women in Ireland" by Therese Rafferty ;

"'And it's a Generalisation. But no it's not': Women, Communicative Work and the Discourses of Technology Design" by Toni Robertson;

"Resources of the Productive Office - Women's and Men's Opinions on Telematics and Intelligent Building Features" by Mervi Lehto;

"Who is in Control? Canadian Experiences in Teleworking" by Crystal Fulton;

"Telecommunication : A Woman's Friend or Foe" by Caroline St. Clair;

"Change and Continuity: Transformations in the Gendered Division of Labour in a Context of Technological and Organizational Change" by Diane-Gabrielle Tremblay;

"Engendered Software Development: Ghettoization and Agency" by Androniki Panteli, Harvie Ramsay and Martin Beirne;

"Technology Structuration: A Research Paradigma for a Gender Perspective on Technology?" by Sigrid Wubker and Beatrice Sigrist;

"Making Other Futures: Professional Women and their I.T. at Work" by Zena Cumberpatch;

"New Technology and its Impact on Female Labour Force in Russia" by Vitalina Koval;

"Notes on Gendered Experiences in Fieldwork Related to a Teleradiology Experiment" by Helena Karasti ;

"Introducing Point of Sale Technology in a Retail Chain Store: Voices from the Checkout Counter" by Martha L. Nangalama and Andrew Clement ;

"Why has Female Participation in German Informatics Decreased?" by Britta Schinzel;

"Girls and Computer Science: 'It's not me. I'm not Interested in Sitting Behind a Machine all day." by Bente Rasmussen;

"Australian Women in IT Education: Multiple Meanings and Multiculturalism" by A. Greenhill, L. von Hellens and S. Nielsen;

"Use of Quality Function Deployment to develop Women's Studies Strategy" by Ita Richardson;

"Do the Promises Made by the new Technologies Fulfil Women's Educational and Employment Needs?" by D. M. Thompson and G. R. Homer;

"Changing Perceptions through a one-day Introduction to Information Technology for Secondary School Girls" by Annemieke Craig, Julie Fisher and Angela Scollary;

"Construction of the von Neumann - Concept as Constituent for Technical and Organical Computers" by Heike Stach;

"Gender and Expertise in Retrospect: Pioneers of Computing in Finland" by Marja Vehvilainen;

"Gender Segregation in IT Occupations" by Kea Tijdens;

"Project WEBIN - Women's Electronic Business Incubator Network" by Natalya Babich, Steffi Engert and Renate Fries ;

"Coming of the 3rd Industrial Revolution: Will Women Again be Relegated to Service Positions?" by Renee Blake and Sigrid Mueller;

"Women and Education in Information Technology" by Daisy C. Jiang;

Tutorials: "T1: Qualifying Female Computer Users - Luxury or Necessity?" by Angelika R. Rudolph;

"T2: Information Technology Management for Women" by Maggie McPherson and Steffi Engert;

"T3: Women and Intelligent Networks: Experience in a Leading-Edge Technological Project" by Tiziana Margaria, Viola Kriete and Barbara Massion ;

"T4: Telework: The First Step to the Virtual Company. Consequences for the Employment of Women and their Lives / Birgit Godehardt, Cornelia Brandt and Illeana Hamburg;

"T5: Working Towards the Integration of Women: New Forms of Work and the Use of New Information and Communication technologies in Production" by Eileen Green, Alison Adam and Peter Brodner;

Software Demonstrations:

"SEAMLESS: Knowledge-based Evolutionary Software Synthesis" by Jutta Eusterbrock;

"MultiMedia Forum - An Interactive Online Journal" by Ingrid Gabel-Becker and Marlies Ockenfeld;

"SCUA - Secure Conferencing User Agent" by Elfriede Hinsch, Anne Jaegemann and Lan Wang;

"International Designers Network" by Petra Luiza Klapper and Melanie Volker;

"'Bucherschatz' - A Children's OPAC" by Ute Kulper;

"Speech Generation in Information Retrieval Dialogues: The SPEAK! Prototype" by Adelheit Stein;

Information on IFIP, GI and GMD: "International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP);

Gesellschaft fur Informatik e. V. (GI);

"Frauenarbeit und Informatik" in der Gesellschaft fur Informatik e. V. (GI);

Women's group at the GMD.

Very good, as NEW. 50.00