Thursday, October 31, 2019

NTVUganda has added MORNING AT NTV: A discussion on Uganda's highest paid artistes video

MORNING AT NTV: A discussion on Uganda's highest paid artistes



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NTVUganda has added TAKE NOTE: Putting Sanitation issues at the forefront video

TAKE NOTE: Putting Sanitation issues at the forefront



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NTVUganda has added MORNING AT NTV: Culture for sustainable tourism video

MORNING AT NTV: Culture for sustainable tourism



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NTVUganda has added KICK STARTER: The App that gives you heads up on events video

KICK STARTER: The App that gives you heads up on events



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No space for protests in Museveni's communist Uganda








NO SPACE FOR PROTESTS IN MUSEVENI'S COMMUNIST UGANDA

CHANGE OF GUARDS - Protests in China and in any other communist state is treasonous and strictly prohibited.  Because of its repressive nature, a communist state is always on the lookout for dissent by the oppressed.  Any attempt or just an imaginary of a physical or verbal protest is met with maximum brutal force on grounds that it is an incitement to threaten state security.  Therefore, since Museveni is in the final stages of mortgaging Uganda to China, protests whether by students or ordinary citizens is treasonous and hence deserves brutal suppression.

For those wondering as to why Museveni has sent his army to attack protesting Makerere University students, here below, is a summarised version of the infamous June 1989 Tienman Square massacre of student protesters in communist China.

The April 1989 protests reflected anxieties about the country's future in the popular consciousness and among the political elite. The reforms of the 1980s had led to a nascent market economy which benefited some people but seriously disaffected others, and the one-party political system also faced a challenge of legitimacy. Common grievances at the time included inflation , corruption, limited preparedness of graduates for the new economy,  and restrictions on political participation.  Students called for greater accountability, constitutional due process, democracy, freedom of the press , and freedom of speech.

As the protests developed, the authorities responded with both conciliatory and hardline tactics, exposing deep divisions within the party leadership. By May, the student-led hunger strike galvanized support for the demonsrators and aroused sympathy across the country. Around a million Beijing residents from all walks of life demonstrated in solidarity from 17–18 May. These included the army personnel (PLA), police officers, and lower party officials. Many grassroots Party and Youth League organizations, as well as government-sponsored labour unions, encouraged their membership to demonstrate.

The Communist Party leadership believed the protests to be a political threat and resolved to use force.  Martial law was declared on May 20 and mobilized as many as 300,000 troops to Beijing. Further justification for martial law came in the form of a report submitted by the Ministry of State Security (MSS) to the party leadership, which emphasized the infiltration of bourgeois liberalism into China and the negative effect that the West, particularly the United States, had on the students. The MSS expressed its belief that American forces had intervened in the student movement in hopes of overthrowing the Communist Party. The report created a sense of urgency within the party, and provided justification for military action.

The Chinese government declared
martial law on May 20 and mobilized at least 30 divisions from five of the country's seven military regions .  At least 14 of PLA's 24 army corps contributed troops.        As many as 250,000 troops were eventually sent to the capital, some arriving by air and others by rail.
The troops advanced into central parts of Beijing on June 4, killing both demonstrators and bystanders in the process.  After a series of clashes with demonstrators outside the Square, the final assault on Tienman Square was rolled out. The soldiers stopped about ten meters from the students. The first row of troops took aim with machine guns from the prone position. Behind them soldiers squatted and stood with assault rifles. Mixed among them were anti-riot police with clubs. Further back were tanks and APCs.

Thousands of protesters were either killed or injured while several were rounded up before the protests was subdued.  The government stated that the goal of the protesters had been to overthrow the party and the state and establish a totally "Western-dependent bourgeois republic".  It further states that the protesters had complained about corruption just to cover their real motive, which was to "replace the socialist system".  It said that "the entire imperialist Western world" had planned to make all socialist countries discard the socialist road and then bring them under the monopoly of international capital and onto the capitalist road.

The international community, human rights organizations, and political analysts condemned the Chinese government for the massacre. Western countries imposed arms embargoes on China. The Chinese government made widespread arrests of protesters and their supporters, suppressed other protests around China, expelled foreign journalists, strictly controlled coverage of the events in the domestic press, strengthened the police and internal security forces, and demoted or purged officials it deemed sympathetic to the protests. Many of the workers were summarily tried and executed.  21 students who they identified as leaders of the protest were blacklisted for arrest.
Only 7 of the 21 were able to escape and flee the country into exile where they continue to live.
Wang Dan, the student leader who topped the most wanted list, spent seven years in prison. Many of the students and university staff implicated were permanently politically stigmatized, some never to be employed again.

The remaining student leaders were apprehended and incarcerated. Those who escaped, whether it was in 1989 or after, generally have had difficulty re-entering China, even up to this day. The Chinese government prefers to leave the dissidents in exile. Those who attempt to re-enter, such as Wu'er Kaixi, have been simply sent back, but not arrested.  Though decades have passed, the Most Wanted list has never been retracted by the Chinese government.  More broadly, the suppression halted the policies of liberalization in the 1980s. Considered a watershed event, the protests set the limits on political expression in China up to the present day.  Its memory is widely associated with questioning the legitimacy of Communist Party rule and remains one of the most sensitive and most widely censored topics in China.

There you are!!!

INFORMATION IS POWER AND THE PROBLEM OF UGANDA IS MUSEVENISM

HISTORY: World War II Communication

Communication during WWII

This one time, Tasha jumps off the yellow bus and runs up the driveway full of steam.

"Mom, I am gonna finish my history paper today.  I am so gonna nail my teacher because she forgot something".

MLN: "Is that the case? What is wrong with your teacher?"

TASHA: "Before the masaacre on the beaches of Normandy at Dieppe, those soldiers flying in, why did not they text the troops on the ground first before they landed?"

MLN
Teach your kids that there were no iPhones during WWII

NTVUganda has added Gov’t explains why manifesto implementation is slow video

Gov’t explains why manifesto implementation is slow



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NTVUganda has added Uganda commended over positive refugee policy video

Uganda commended over positive refugee policy



Uganda wants more support for refugee hosting countries, imploring others to learn from it about how it has handled the inclusion of refugees into its national plan. State Minister for relief and disaster preparedness Musa Ecweru spoke during the Global Compact on Refugees’ Conference held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page https://ift.tt/1bbEIWm

NTVUganda has added MPs debate Minister Otafiire’s controversial land ownership video

MPs debate Minister Otafiire’s controversial land ownership



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NTVUganda has added NTV MEN: Turning your hustle into a business video

NTV MEN: Turning your hustle into a business



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NTVUganda has added Scientists make break through on millet meals video

Scientists make break through on millet meals



Ugandan Scientists at the National crops resources research institute at Namulonge have added value to one of Uganda’s staple foods like the Kalo. The scientists say you can now preserve cooked Kalo for almost two weeks without it going bad and you can now buy it in supermarkets ready to eat. Dr Ephraim Nuwamanya, the lead scientists at Namulonge, says this new innovation will make Kalo one of the fast foods that urban dwellers can pick from supermarkets. #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page https://ift.tt/1bbEIWm

NTVUganda has added 118 UBTEB candidates undertake specialised training video

118 UBTEB candidates undertake specialised training



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NTVUganda has added CASTLE LITE ENTEBBE OPEN: Madoya leads by 3 shots at halfway stage video

CASTLE LITE ENTEBBE OPEN: Madoya leads by 3 shots at halfway stage



Kenyan professional golfer Justus Madoya will take a three-shot lead into the third round of the Castle Lite Entebbe Open. Now Madoya fused a five-under 66 with a 70 from round one to establish some daylight between himself and the second-placed duo of Uganda’s Herman Mutaawe and Zimbabwean Robinson Chinhoi. Kenyan CJ Wangai is the other golfer to play the opening 36 holes of the tournament under par. Only 22 golfers have managed to make the cut in the $10,000 event. #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page https://ift.tt/1bbEIWm

NTVUganda has added UGANDA PREMIER LEAGUE: Villa face URA as Bul welcome visit of Kyetume video

UGANDA PREMIER LEAGUE: Villa face URA as Bul welcome visit of Kyetume



Two matches will be played in the Uganda Premier League on Friday. Highflying BUL FC could narrow the gap between themselves and log leaders Vipers SC to just a point with victory over Kyetume at the Fufa Technical Centre in Njeru. Elsewhere, record champions SC Villa could move up to third position with a win against URA FC at Maroons Prisons Grounds in Luzira. Both head coaches are confident of getting maximum points. #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page https://ift.tt/1bbEIWm

NTVUganda has added Minister weighs in on why gov’t buys hoes for farmers video

Minister weighs in on why gov’t buys hoes for farmers



The government will soon launch the distribution of hand hoes in fulfilment of President Museveni's pledge ahead of the 2016 general election. The promise in his manifesto was that the implementation would go towards boosting agricultural production in the country. Now, the cabinet will clear a supplementary budget of 80 billion shillings next week to procure another eight million hoes. #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page https://ift.tt/1bbEIWm

NTVUganda has added Public service plans bill over the agency merger video

Public service plans bill over the agency merger



The actualization of the merger and disbandment of some government agencies and departments proposed by cabinet a year ago will take longer than the previously planned three- year period. Progress is undermined by minimal attention and time provided by cabinet in clearing the proposals by the public service ministry on the undertaking. Minister Service Wilson Mukasa Muruli spoke on the sidelines of a budget conference. #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page https://ift.tt/1bbEIWm

NTVUganda has added UNEB unveils changes as PLE exams start on Monday video

UNEB unveils changes as PLE exams start on Monday



The Uganda National Examination Board has cautioned primary school teachers across the country against exam malpractice in the upcoming Primary Leaving Examinations due on Monday. The UNEB executive secretary, Daniel Nokrach Odongo said security had been tightened at examination centres to ensure students follow the conduct of examination #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page https://ift.tt/1bbEIWm

NTVUganda has added Journalists protest police attacks while on duty video

Journalists protest police attacks while on duty



Members of the Uganda Journalists Association have announced a media boycott against the Uganda Police Force in protest at attacks on journalists, in the line of duty. The deputy police spokesperson Polly Namaye was today the first victim of this response, as she attempted to address the media ahead of the primary leaving exams. In the same spirit, Uganda Editors Guild have condemned the attacks with a call to security agencies to respect the freedom of journalists to cover the protests as enshrined in the constitution. The attacks against journalists came during the coverage of the protests at Makerere University. Today the president of the Uganda Journalists Association, Bashir Kazibwe explains the essence of the boycott. #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page https://ift.tt/1bbEIWm

NTVUganda has added MUK students resist calls to end strike, return to class video

MUK students resist calls to end strike, return to class



The Makerere University student leadership have rejected a call by the vice-chancellor Prof Barnabas Nawangwe to return to class. After nine days of students protests, the vice-chancellor spoke out, insisting in a letter that examinations would be held, as planned, on November 18. However, the students have rejected this outturn #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page https://ift.tt/1bbEIWm

NTVUganda has added Parliament blames leaders for Makerere student protests video

Parliament blames leaders for Makerere student protests



The Speaker of Parliament Rebecca Kadaga has directed the House Education Committee to investigate the ongoing unrest at Makerere University students over a planned 15% fees increment. This followed the adoption of a motion by Masaka Municipality MP, Mathias Mpuuga, which among others called for a halt of the fee increment and investigation of the alleged mismanagement of at the university. #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page https://ift.tt/1bbEIWm

Today in History - October 31 -- Library of Congress

Today in History - October 31

On the night of October 31, many Americans celebrate the traditions of Halloween by dressing in costumes and telling tales of witches and ghosts. Continue reading.

Click here to search Today in History for other historic moments.



Read more on https://loc.gov Today in History - October 31

NTVUganda has added 31 10 2019 OFF AIR 1 video

31 10 2019 OFF AIR 1



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NTVUganda has added KASESE MUDSLIDES video

KASESE MUDSLIDES



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NTVUganda has added UPDF Officer sentenced to 5 years for neglect of duty video

UPDF Officer sentenced to 5 years for neglect of duty



The Second Division Court Martial sitting in Ntoroko district has sentenced a UPDF Officer Capt Bosco Oweka Maliamungu to 5 years in prison for failure to execute his duties which is contrary to Section 1034/12G UPDF Act 2005. The act states that if a person who is subject to military law fails to execute his or her duties and it results in the failure of an operation or loss of lives, commits an offence and is on conviction, liable to death or life imprisonment. The court chaired by Brig. Geoffrey Mujuni on Monday ruled that Capt Bosco Maliyamungu failed to execute his duties as he was officer in charge of Kabimbiri detach and failed to control three UPDF soldiers who went in the community and arrested Mr Akugizibwe Robert and later killed him. #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page https://ift.tt/1bbEIWm

NTVUganda has added 2019 10 31ST MDAS MERGER ENG video

2019 10 31ST MDAS MERGER ENG



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NTVUganda has added 2019 10 31 BULAMBULI FLOODS video

2019 10 31 BULAMBULI FLOODS



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NTVUganda has added 2019 10 31 FARM CLINIC ENG video

2019 10 31 FARM CLINIC ENG



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NTVUganda has added MAKERERE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS ON STRIKE video

MAKERERE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS ON STRIKE



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Wednesday, October 30, 2019

Katherine Jenkins - Make Me A Channel Of Your Peace



Katherine Jenkins - Make Me A Channel Of Your Peace

BBC Songs Of Praise 27th October 2019.

Wikipedia's Article of the Day October 31, 2019: Michael Collins (astronaut)

Michael Collins, Astronaut, Apllo 11 in 1969
Michael Collins (born October 31, 1930) is a former astronaut and test pilot who was the command module pilot of Apollo 11 in 1969. 

The first person to perform more than one spacewalk, he is one of 24 people to have flown to the Moon. 

Collins joined the U.S. Air Force after graduating from West Point in 1952. He graduated in 1960 from the Air Force Experimental Flight Test Pilot School and was selected for NASA's third group of astronauts in 1963. 

He made two spacewalks on his first mission on Gemini 10 in 1966. During Apollo 11, he remained in orbit around the Moon in the command module Columbia while his crewmates Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin made the first crewed landing on the surface. 

After retiring from NASA, Collins became Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs and later director of the National Air and Space Museum. Under his guidance, the museum opened on time and within budget for the United States Bicentennial in 1976.

NTVUganda has added CASTLE LITE ENTEBBE OPEN: Zimbabwe’s Chinhoi lays down marker with a sublime 64 video

CASTLE LITE ENTEBBE OPEN: Zimbabwe’s Chinhoi lays down marker with a sublime 64



Robinson Chinhoi will take a two shot lead into the second round of the Castle Lite Entebbe Open. This after the Zimbabwean golfer stroked a sublime seven under 64 at the lakeside Entebbe course. Hot on Chinhoi’s heels is the duo of Uganda’s Silver Opio and Kenyan Kopan Timbe who both took five under 66 to the clubhouse. Up to 10,000 US dollars is up for grabs in the event that is part of the Safari Tour. #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page https://ift.tt/1bbEIWm

NTVUganda has added Wasswa Bbosa quits Tororo United club after Tuesday 3-0 defeat video

Wasswa Bbosa quits Tororo United club after Tuesday 3-0 defeat



Tooro United head coach Wasswa Bbosa has resigned from his role just hours after his side suffered a 3-0 humiliation against Onduparaka FC at Greenlight Stadium in Arua this afternoon. The CAF “B” licensed coach renewed his employment contract with the Tooro based side for one year at the start this season. Bbosa guided the side to fourth place last season with 49 points from 30 games which was their best ever finish in the Uganda Premier League. This season the tactician managed 3 wins, 1 draw and 6 losses in the 10 games he took charge of this season. #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page https://ift.tt/1bbEIWm

NTVUganda has added THE LINK: Actions Uganda should take to monitor govt projects video

THE LINK: Actions Uganda should take to monitor govt projects



Procurement is the single biggest means by which the government spends money in the economy. On the Link, we speak to PPDA on what actions Uganda should take to monitor government projects and what they should do if they see an anomaly. #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page https://ift.tt/1bbEIWm

Hallowed Be Thy Name [Live]



Hallowed Be Thy Name [Live]

Provided to YouTube by Absolute Marketing International Ltd Hallowed Be Thy Name [Live] · Ron Kenoly · Integrity's Hosanna! Music Jesus Is Alive (Live) ℗ 1991 Integrity Music Released on: 1991-01-01 Auto-generated by YouTube.

NTVUganda has added FUEL BUSINESS: Shell grows footprint video

FUEL BUSINESS: Shell grows footprint



Vivo, the holders of the Shell Franchise have added 16 fuel retain station to their country network reaching total of 150. Shell seeks to tap into the expanding urban areas especially greater Kampala. Vivo Energy, also JSE-listed company operating in 23 African countries, is on track to deliver on its objectives for the year despite some headwinds. #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page https://ift.tt/1bbEIWm

NTVUganda has added UNBS AND SUPERMARKET: Operators protest being targeted video

UNBS AND SUPERMARKET: Operators protest being targeted



The Uganda National Bureau of Standards has reawakened efforts to curb sub standards product from the supermarket shelves with the latest warning against products not certified by UNSB and lack expiry dates. But retail chain supermarket operators decry being targeted yet they come later in the value chain. Joanita Mbabazi reports. Recently officials at the standards body noted that shoppers in the country have an 80% chance of taking home a fake locally manufactured product. #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page https://ift.tt/1bbEIWm

NTVUganda has added President Museveni wants tougher sentences for criminals video

President Museveni wants tougher sentences for criminals



President Museveni has urged African Countries to fast track economic and where possible, political integration if the continent is to develop. The president's comments came at the 4th African Judicial Dialogue in Munyonyo Kampala which is focusing on Human Rights. Speaking about death sentence, Museveni said life imprisonment is not deterrent for many Ugandan capital offenders because conditions in prison are better than many offenders' homes. #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page https://ift.tt/1bbEIWm

NTVUganda has added Police responds to reports of threats against journalists video

Police responds to reports of threats against journalists



Over the last eight days, several journalists covering the fracas at Makerere University have found themselves at the centre of the scuffles between the police and students. However, some including those working for NTV and Daily Monitor are now receiving threatening phone calls. In some of the calls, the journalists are being threatened with retaliatory action for their coverage of the activities at Makerere #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page https://ift.tt/1bbEIWm

NTVUganda has added Makerere University calls for dialogue amid more chaos video

Makerere University calls for dialogue amid more chaos



After another day of chaos at Makerere University, the administration has invited students to a round table for more dialogue to end the stalemate over plans to hike tuition fees by 15% each year. Speaking to NTV, Dr. Mohammad Kiggundu says a resolution was passed by the university council yesterday, relenting on plans to increase tuition. However, today police blocked a plan by students to hold a general assembly to discuss their stand on the matter, resulting in running battles with the anti-riot police for the better part of the day. This paralyzed activities at the university. #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page https://ift.tt/1bbEIWm

The (Cursed?) Original Book of Witchcraft -- Library of Congress

The (Cursed?) Original Book of Witchcraft
By Neely Tucker
Published October 30, 2019 at 02:19PM

 

And so it begins…the title page of Reginald Scot’s 1584 edition of “The Discoverie of Witchcraft.” Rare Book & Special Collections Division.

This article was co-researched and co-written by digital library specialist Elizabeth Gettins, who also had the brilliant idea for the piece.

An ancient tome delving into the dark arts of witchcraft and magic…a book of doom…yet it lives…at the Library of Congress.

You’re forgiven if you think we’re talking about H.P. Lovecraft’s fictional book of magic, “Necronomicon,” the basis for the plot device in “The Evil Dead” films, or something Harry Potter might have found in the Dark Arts class at Hogwarts.

But, as the darkness of Halloween descends, we’re not kidding. A first edition of “The Discouerie of Witchcraft,” Reginald Scot’s 1584 shocker that outraged King James I, survives at your favorite national library in the Rare Book and Special Collections Reading Room. (The Library has a copy of the original edition, as well as a 1651 edition.)

It is believed to be the first book published on witchcraft in English and extremely influential on the practice of stage magic. Shakespeare likely researched it for the witches scene in “Macbeth.” It was consulted and plagiarized by stage magicians for hundreds of years. Today, you can peruse its dark secrets online. How could your wicked little fingers resist? Scot promises to reveal “lewde dealings of witches and witchmongers”! The “pestilent practices of Pythonists”!  The “vertue and power of natural magike”!

Also, juggling.

It is one of the  foundational examples of grimoire, a textbook on magic, groundbreaking for its time and nearly encyclopedic in its information. Scot’s research included consulting dozens of previous thinkers on various topics such as occult, science and magic, including Agrippa von Nettesheim’s “De Occulta Philosophia,” in 1531 and John Dee’s “Monas Hieroglyphica” in 1564. The result is a most impressive compendium.

The heavens, as used in witchcraft. “The Discoverie of Witchcraft,” P. 283. Rare Book & Special Collections.

But Scot wasn’t lurking about in a hooded cape, looking for eyes of newts and toes of frogs to bewitch mortals. A skeptic, he wrote to make it plain that “witches” were not evil, but instead were resourceful and capable women who practiced the art of folk healing as well as sleight of hand. Their apparently miraculous feats were in no way wicked. He wrote, “At this day it is indifferent to say in the English tongue, ‘she is a witch’ or ‘she is a wise woman.’ ”

Born in 1538 in Kent under the rule of Henry VIII, Scot was landed gentry. He was educated and a member of Parliament. He admired, and may have joined, the Family of Love, a small sect comprised of elites who dismissed major Christian religions in favor of arriving at spiritual enlightenment through love for all. By publishing “Witchcraft,” he meant to expose it as superstition, hoping to better England by forwarding knowledge. Since most people who were accused – and often hanged – for it were impoverished women on the margins of society, he hoped to garner social empathy for them and other scapegoats.

He also hoped to dispel the common belief in magic tricks performed on stage before gasping audiences. To do this, he researched and explained how magicians carried out their illusions. Beheadings? See the diagrams!

Detail from “To cut off ones head, and to laie it in a a platter, which the jugglers call the decollation of John Baptist.” P. 282, “The Discoverie of Witchcraft,” Rare Book & Special Collections Division.

How to appear to “thrust a bodkin (needle) into your head” and survive? See page 280!

Detail on how to use a false bodkin. P. 280, “The Discoverie of Witchcraft.” Rare Book and Special Collections Division.

This noble effort, as the kids say, went left.

The book was blasted by the religious faithful, according to “The Reception of Reginald Scot’s Discovery of Witchcraft: Witchcraft, Magic and Radical Religion,” a study by S.F. Davies in the Journal of the History of Ideas, published in 2013. The King of Scotland, James VI, was outraged. Like many of his subjects, he was convinced that witches worked in concert with the devil. He thought a coven of witches was trying to kill him. He published “Daemonologie” in 1597, in part to refute Scot’s work. He also became King James I of England in 1603. There’s a legend that he ordered all copies of Scot’s book burned, but the historical record is silent on the subject. Still, it’s clear James I loathed the book. There was growing concern at the time that women’s use of so-called magic was counter to the aims of the state and church. Thus, James sought to instill fear in female communities and spoke out directly against witches and their perceived occultisms.

“Almost every English author who subsequently wrote on the subject of witchcraft mentioned Scot disparagingly,” Davies writes of the period. Scot died in 1599; the book was not republished during his lifetime. There was an abridged Dutch translation published in 1609, Davies notes, but was not republished in England until 1651, nearly three quarters of a century after its initial publication.

Still, the book survived, “mined as a source on witchcraft and folklore,” and his material on practical magic and sleight of hand “found a large audience,” Davies writes. For Scot’s original aims, that wasn’t good. Rather than debunking stage magic for the masses as he’d hoped, “Discoverie” became a handbook for magicians in Europe and America, well into the 17th and 18th centuries. Famous works such as “Hocus Pocus ” and the “The Juggler’s Oracle drew heavily on “Witchcraft,” thus spreading the very mysteries that Scot had hoped to quell. Davies: “[I]t travelled in directions Scot himself may never have imagined.”

Today, 435 years after it was published, the book sits on the shelf, silent, patient, having done the work its author did not want it to do. It’s almost as if…the thing had a hex on it.

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WhatsApp sues Israeli firm, accusing it of hacking activists' phones

WhatsApp said it believes the technology sold by NSO was used to target the mobile phones of more than 1,400 of its users. Photograph: Hayoung Jeon/EPA
NSO Group’s spyware allegedly used in cyber-attacks on lawyers and journalists

By THE GUARDIAN

WhatsApp has launched an unprecedented lawsuit against a cyber weapons firm which it has accused of being behind secret attacks on more than 100 human rights activists, lawyers, journalists, and academics in just two weeks earlier this year.

The social media firm is suing NSO Group, an Israeli surveillance company, saying it is responsible for a series of highly sophisticated cyber-attacks which it claims violated American law in an “unmistakeable pattern of abuse”.

WhatsApp said it believed the technology sold by NSO was used to target the mobile phones of more than 1,400 of its users in 20 different countries during a 14-day period from the end of April to the middle of May.

In this brief period, WhatsApp believes those who were the subject of the cyber-attacks included leading human rights defenders and lawyers, prominent religious figures, well-known journalists and officials in humanitarian organisations.

A number of women previously targeted by cyber-violence, and individuals who have faced assassination attempts and threats of violence, as well as their relatives, were also the victims of the attacks, the company believes.

WhatsApp’s lawsuit, filed in a California court on Tuesday, has demanded a permanent injunction blocking NSO from attempting to access WhatsApp computer systems and those of its parent company, Facebook.

It has also asked the court to rule that NSO violated US federal law and California state law against computer fraud, breached their contracts with WhatsApp and “wrongfully trespassed” on Facebook’s property.

“This is the first time that an encrypted messaging provider is taking legal action against a private entity that has carried out this type of attack against its users,” said a WhatsApp spokesman. “In our complaint, we explain how NSO carried out this attack, including acknowledgement from an NSO employee that our steps to remediate the attack were effective.”

The company is also supporting calls by the UN special rapporteur for freedom of expression, David Kaye, for a moratorium on this kind of invasive spyware.

“There must be strong legal oversight of cyber-weapons like the one used in this attack to ensure they are not used to violate individual rights and freedoms people deserve wherever they are in the world,” WhatsApp said.

“Human rights groups have documented a disturbing trend that such tools have been used to attack journalists and human rights defenders.”

WhatsApp said it had worked with Citizen Lab, an academic research group based at the University of Toronto’s Munk School, to identify the victims of the attacks and the technology used against them. The organisation has begun approaching members of civil society who were affected by the alleged hacks.

John Scott-Railton, a senior researcher at Citizen Lab, said WhatsApp’s action was “a major positive step forward for human rights protections online and will absolutely set a precedent”.

He accused NSO of acting with disregard to the people who were being targeted. “While telling the public it is concerned about human rights, the commercial spyware industry has attempted to carve out an unaccountable space for itself, whereby virtue of its proximity to governments, it claims it is acting lawfully, yet prefers to disclaim any responsibility for that behaviour when it suits them.”

WhatsApp’s announcement comes six months after it disclosed it had discovered a vulnerability that allowed cyber-attackers to install surveillance software on to both iPhones and Android phones by ringing targets using the application’s phone function. It was unclear at that time how many of WhatsApp’s 1.5bn users were affected.

Since then, WhatsApp, working alongside Citizens Lab, has been attempting to establish how many attacks were launched in the days before the vulnerability was closed. The company is understood to have been shocked at what it found.

In its lawsuit, it has accused NSO of “unlawful access and use of WhatsApp computers, several of which are located in California”.

It also claims NSO “took a number of steps, using WhatsApp servers and the WhatsApp Service without authorisation, to send discrete malware components (‘malicious code’) to target devices” – and that this was done in a way to “conceal defendants’ identity and involvement”.

The WhatsApp lawsuit is not the only one directed at NSO. The company has been accused of targeting Omar Abdulaziz, who was a close associate of Jamal Khashoggi before the Washington Post journalist was murdered in the Saudi consulate in Istanbul last year.

NSO has said it reviews allegations of abuse by clients and that it reserves the right to strip customers of their licences.

The company was acquired earlier this year by a London-based private equity firm called Novalpina Capital, which in June said it would unveil new governance standards at the company.

NSO has in the past vigorously defended the use of its technology and surveillance software, which is known as Pegasus, as a law enforcement tool that could help prevent crime and terror attacks. Novalpina has credited NSO technology for disrupting plans for a terrorist attack at a crowded stadium in Europe and, citing the Mexican government, said it assisted in the 2011 arrest of the drug kingpin known as El Chapo.

The Israeli company released details of that new “human rights policy” in November, which it said was founded on “unequivocal respect for human rights”. Among other initiatives, it vowed to integrate new due diligence procedures to identify, prevent, and mitigate “adverse human rights impacts” due to the possible abuse of its technology.

It also said it would conduct an evaluation of the “potential for adverse human rights impacts” arising through the misuse of NSO products, as well as enforcing “contractual obligations” that would prevent NSO’s customers from using its products for anything other than the investigation of serious crime.

But the new policy was criticised by some human rights and cyber-surveillance experts, including the UN’s Kaye.

In an 18 October letter to Shalev Hulio, one of NSO’s founders, Kaye raised questions about the efficacy of the new human rights guidelines and due diligence procedures, and suggested NSO seemed entirely reliant on its own customers to self-report abuse of its products.

NSO Group said: “In the strongest possible terms, we dispute today’s allegations and will vigorously fight them. The sole purpose of NSO is to provide technology to licensed government intelligence and law enforcement agencies to help them fight terrorism and serious crime. Our technology is not designed or licensed for use against human rights activists and journalists. It has helped to save thousands of lives over recent years.

“The truth is that strongly encrypted platforms are often used by paedophile rings, drug kingpins and terrorists to shield their criminal activity. Without sophisticated technologies, the law enforcement agencies meant to keep us all safe face insurmountable hurdles. NSO’s technologies provide proportionate, lawful solutions to this issue.

“We consider any other use of our products than to prevent serious crime and terrorism a misuse, which is contractually prohibited. We take action if we detect any misuse. This technology is rooted in the protection of human rights – including the right to life, security and bodily integrity – and that’s why we have sought alignment with the UN guiding principles on business and human rights, to make sure our products are respecting all fundamental human rights.”

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Today in History - October 30 -- Library of Congress

Today in History - October 30

José Manuel Gallegos was born in Spanish colonial Mexico, in the town of Abiquiú, Nuevo México, on October 30, 1815. Continue reading.

Click here to search Today in History for other historic moments.



Read more on https://loc.gov Today in History - October 30

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Government to increase funding for roads



The government has committed itself to increase the money for road maintenance in the financial year, as a way of ensuring that they are not affected any heavy rains in future. Works State Minister Gen Karumba Wamala made the revelation as he acknowledged that some road agencies, such as the Uganda National Roads Authority had received less money than budgeted for. His comments follow increased damage to redo infrastructure due to the heavy rains#NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page https://ift.tt/1bbEIWm

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Tuesday, October 29, 2019

UK Parliament Approves Holding Snap General Election on December 12

© AP Photo / Matt Dunham
By SPUTNIK

Earlier, UK Lawmakers rejected amendments changing the election date in early election bill to December 9.

The United Kingdom's parliament's House of Commons on Tuesday approved holding a snap general election on December 12.

Among the UK lawmakers, 438 voted in favour of holding snap election, and 20 voted against.

The bill is now set to go before the House of Lords.

The House of Commons leader said that the dissolution date for the UK Parliament is next Wednesday, November 6.

UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson has repeatedly demanded a snap election in a bid to break the deadlock over his proposal for the terms of the withdrawal from the EU, which has been in limbo since last week. According to UK Prime Minister, after the election, a new parliament and government will be able to ratify the deal.

​The United Kingdom has been mired in political turmoil since the Brexit referendum in June 2016 when Britons vote by 52 to 48 percent to leave the European Union.

UGANDA: Is formal communication history? @LokomoPeter @RugyendoQuotes @NadaAndersen


The way I lambast Ugandan youth for not knowing how to write formal letters, you would think I have done better with my own kids.

Now, while setting up my Amazon seller store last month, I ran into this part where Amazon asked for my passport and a copy of my most recent bank statement.

Quick. I used my phone and took a copy of my passport and uploaded it.

Bank statement, I have not seen a printed bank statement in many years. So,I uploaded an ecopy.

Both were rejected. Who even does that? Had to go to BMO and get a printed copy. As for the passport, that was worse. Imagine I have been using this passport for 5yrs and had no idea there is a part where I have to sign.

INTERESTING PART:
Natasha has to send some documents (snail mail, post office). The kid has never mailed a letter in her whole 18yrs. "Mom, why can I not just use my iPhone,take pics and upload?"

Then the good one. "Mom, they want a copy of my void cheque. What does that even mean?"

She went further, "how do you mean I can fax the documents or scan? My iPhone is really good".

We are back to square zero. Traditional communication.  It is really mind blowing how many corporations, education institutions, etc.. still rely on hard paper communication.

Likely because the key decision makers are old, traditional, and grew up writing letters home. It would be interesting to see some of the letters we used to write, put in an envelop, lick it, address it, walk to the Post Office and mail it.

Far too many of us no longer write home. What a loss.  The faces of people who receive personal letters, hand written and from the mail man. Ohhh.. those were #ThemGoodOldDays.

I am finding this experience very humbling because many of the Uganda youth I help with scholarships have never mailed a letter in their lives.  Ain't that something???

MLN


Makerere University carnage - Museveni ordered both the attack & ceasefire





MAKERERE UNIVERSITY CARNAGE - MUSEVENI ORDERED BOTH THE ATTACK AND CEASEFIRE

CHANGE OF GUARDS - The week long carnage by Museveni's army at Makerere University was ordered by none other than Museveni. That is the position of the military Standing Orders with regard to movement of troops regardless of the size. It is worse when such deployment of troops is to take place in the capital. Not even the army chief can do that without approval of Museveni no matter whether Museveni is in the country or not.  In the event of an emergency, it is only his son, Gen. Muhoozi who can authorize the movement of troops.

The perceived threat by the striking students was politically motivated thus not an ordinary act of lawlessness. Therefore, as had been the case with the November 2016 Kasese Massacre, the Makerere threat fell under the office of the Senior Presidential Advisor on Special Operations, which is manned by his son. Since November 2018, the army has been camping within the university campus ready to strike.

It is therefore very dishonest for Museveni to claim that he did not know that the army had been deployed at Makerere. His Minister of Justice, Gen. Otafiire has linked the strike to treason:
"We will guard this power using the army and air force. Whoever tries to disrupt this power, you are welcome but what will come next, don’t regret,”

The Acting Vice Chancellor has accused the students of conniving with the opposition entities to overthrow the government:
".........People Power’ movement would take advantage of the masses at this hill to champion a revolution to overthrow the incumbent regime."

Museveni's wife who is also the Minister of Education has eventually come out of hiding and accused the students of high treason:
"......Apparently, the political opposition in this country - who are well funded “somehow” by some “unknown sources” – find it useful to pay unemployed young people to riot wherever and whenever they believe they see a viable opportunity,”

As to what reports Museveni's spy outfits gave him in regard to the strike is an open secret. It was due to local and international pressure coupled by having gotten grounds for persecuting some top opposition leaders that Museveni opted to ceasefire.  Museveni has not withdrawn the army from Makerere but just ceased fire. The army will just dress in police uniform and maintain its presence at the campus. Another squad will remain on standby at the nearby Wandegeya Police Station ready to move in at short notice.

The so-called concessions by the University Council is nothing but just instructions by Museveni just to tame the agitated students and to hoodwink the world as he reorganizes his forces for a counter attack and decisive blow.  Otherwise, why didn't he condemn his army's highhandedness at campus?For anyone interested in knowing Museveni's hand in the military deployment, let the student leadership join the chief of the army on the list of individuals that they intend to drag to court.

Watch the space.

INFORMATION IS POWER AND THE PROBLEM OF UGANDA IS MUSEVENISM

ENERGY: Oil report for October 29, 2019


Is OPEC Doing Enough To Counter The Looming Oil Glut?

By OILPRICE.COM

- Future growth of natural gas consumption is concentrated in Asia.

- The gap between production and consumption widens as time goes on. The EIA expects non-OECD Asia to consume 120 bcf/d by 2050, outpacing regional production by 50 bcf/d.

- China alone will see its gas consumption triple between 2018 and 2050.

- Long-term projections for LNG are highly predicated on this blistering demand growth rate.

Market Movers

- BP (NYSE: BP) and Kosmos Energy (NYSE: KOS) announced a discovery at the Orca-1 exploration well in offshore Mauritania. The companies call it a “major gas discovery.”

- Phillips 66 (NYSE: PSX) saw its share price surge to more than a one-year high on higher retail fuel margins and better-than-expected earnings from the third quarter. Still, profits fell by half.

- Marathon Petroleum (NYSE: MPC) is planning to spin off its gas-station chain and may shakeup executive leadership in response to activist investor pressure from Elliott Management Corp.









Chart Of The Week



Tuesday October 29, 2019

Oil prices were flat in early trading on Tuesday as trade war hopes fade and markets await the API’s crude inventory report. The IEA’s bearish report on global oil demand and a looming supply glut was offset by reports that Saudi Arabia was ready to cut its production even further.

Vaca Muerta on edge with new Argentine President. The oil-friendly President of Argentina Mauricio Macri was ousted on Sunday. His efforts to put a Band-Aid on the crisis in the last few months – which included a fuel prize freeze and currency controls – have already cut drilling activity in the Vaca Muerta. But larger questions swirl around what the new president will do. Analysts say that price controls and rampant inflation may deter investment.

Trump’s vow to take Syrian oil denounced by legal experts. “What I intend to do, perhaps, is make a deal with an ExxonMobil or one of our great companies to go in there and do it properly ... and spread out the wealth,” Trump said during a news conference. Legal experts said such a proposal would be illegal and also an ethical disaster. “It is not only a dubious legal move, it sends a message to the whole region and the world that America wants to steal the oil,” said Bruce Riedel, a former national security advisor told Reuters.

8 in 10 Americans say U.S. should decrease or limit drilling. A nationwide poll from The Washington Post and the Kaiser Family Foundation finds that 8 in 10 Americans say the U.S. should “decrease” drilling or “stay as is.” 51 percent said oil and gas exploration on federal lands should be reduced, and 53 percent say the same thing about offshore. Less than 15 percent say drilling should expand on public lands or offshore.

Saudi Aramco struggling to achieve IPO valuation that it wants. Saudi officials have long said that Aramco should be valued at around $2 trillion, but analysts have long questioned that figure. Meanwhile, Saudi officials are scrambling to keep the IPO on track to launch before the end of the year. Some investors say the company is not worth more than $1.2 trillion, according to the FT. Aramco says that it earned $68 billion in the first nine months of 2019, making it the world’s most profitable company.

U.S. shale braces for brutal earnings season. The number of bankruptcies among North American E&Ps has been rising as of late, and access to capital has been closing off. With earnings season under way, there will be close scrutiny on the shale sector as companies come under pressure after a period of lower prices. “As yet, the decline in drilling activity is not reflected in lower production growth, but this is probably only a question of time,” Commerzbank said.

Lithium miners cut expansion plans on low prices. Albemarle Corp. (NYSE: ALB), SQM (NYSE: SQM) and other lithium producers are cutting expansion plans due to a down market and low prices, according to Reuters. Lithium demand is expected to more than triple through 2025 as demand for batteries in EVs soar. However, analysts say that lithium miners have boosted supply too quickly.

U.S. consumer health showing signs of weakness. Despite what some are calling a manufacturing recession, the American consumer has kept the economy growing. However, there are signs that consumers are becoming overstretched.

Fed to cut interest rates. Market watchers widely expect the U.S. Federal Reserve to again cut interest rates on Wednesday, most likely by 25 basis points. But GDP growth has slowed and the cuts are not showing signs of reigniting the economy.

Pemex reports first production increase in six quarters. Pemex said its oil output averaged 1.69 mb/d in the third quarter, up from 1.67 mb/d in the second, the first increase in six quarters. Debt also fell slightly. The company said the improvement came after it began drilling in shallow water fields.

Texas hit hard by slowdown. Employment and investment is slowing down as the shale industry gets hit by low oil prices and a pullback from investors and lenders.

GM, Toyota and Fiat Chrysler side with Trump. In a major split among major automakers, GM (NYSE: GM), Toyota and Fiat Chrysler side with the Trump administration on fuel economy standards, even as some of their major competitors agreed to work with California on stricter standards. The automakers said they want uniform federal regulations so that there is certainty.

BP’s earnings drop by 41 percent. BP (NYSE: BP) reported third quarter earnings that were slightly better than expected, but were still down by 41 percent from a year earlier. Part of the problem was not just lower oil prices, but also lower natural gas prices. “We don’t think this is going to get better over the next 2-3 years,” BP’s CFO Brian Gilvary said.

ConocoPhillips beats estimates. ConocoPhillips (NYSE: COP) posted higher-than-expected earnings and reported nearly $1 billion in free cash flow. Shale output was up 21 percent from a year earlier.

For best health and climate impact, put renewables in Midwest. A new study from Harvard University finds that for every 3,000 megawatts of wind power put in the Upper Midwest, it would translate into $2.2 trillion in climate change and health benefits, or about $113/MWh. That compares to just $28/MWh of benefits in California. The Midwest is the region that stands to gain the most from renewable energy, largely because of the large concentration of coal-fired power plants that would be displaced.

VW ramps up EV factory in China. VW aims to produce as many as 1 million EVs in China by 2022, according to Reuters. The expansion would allow VW to surpass Tesla’s (NASDAQ: TSLA) capacity in the country.

UGANDA: Tracing Museveni's impoverishment scheme




TRACING MUSEVENI'S IMPOVERISHMENT SCHEME

CHANGE OF GUARDS - Since coming to power 33 years ago, Uganda's military dictator, Museveni has rigorously pursued an agenda of reigning over an impoverished community of Ugandans. After the IMF and World Bank had forced him to abandon pursuance of his initial short lived communist economic policies, he reluctantly adopted the free market economic policies. Agriculture is the backbone of Uganda's economy with 80% of the population living and deriving their livelihood through subsistence farming. The rural sector accounts for 94% of the people living below the poverty line. About 73% of the population are employed in subsistence agricultural farming that contributes 20% of the GDP.

It is this agricultural sector that has drastically fallen victim to Museveni's impoverishment scheme. Next, he moved against the once booming cooperative movement that had flourished since the time of independence in the early 1960s. The Uganda Cooperative Alliance (UCA) which had been the umbrella organisation for all cooperative societies since 1961 was deliberately grounded. Currently, it only manages his newly founded sectarian diary industry and its Crane Creameries Coop Union for all diary farmers in the so-called Cattle Corridor. He deliberately run down and closed the farmers' Cooperative Bank leaving farmers with no access to low interest loans. Yet, he continues to have a Ministry of Cooperatives at the expense of the taxpayer.

In 1987, Museveni launched a National Economy Recovery Programme (NERP). During the same year, he went ahead to launch the bogus Rural Farmers Scheme (RFS) that selectively gave loans to 1,012 before it was formally disbanded in May 1995. Following the 1995 donor conference in Paris, Museveni created a National Task Force Eradication under the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development. In 1995, Museveni launched a start-up capital fund dubbed Entandikwa that was meant to reduce poverty and facilitate small scale entrepreneurs. The scheme that had a Ministry of Entandikwa created, was initially meant to cater for people from his Bush War zones but was eventually rolled out to several places in the central and western regions. With the initial beneficiaries rightly treating the funds as a token of appreciation, they deliberately defaulted before the scheme was formally disbanded in 2002.

In 1997, Museveni launched the Poverty Eradication Action Plan (PEAP) that he had promised during the 1996 election campaigns. The scheme was in line with his Vision 2025. It was run under the Ministry of Agriculture. His retrenchment of public servants depleted the agriculture sector of the Agricultural Extension Workers. He ran down all the six national and eight zonal agricultural research institutes that included Kawanda, Namalere, Kabanyolo, Busitema and the various district farm institutes and demonstration farms under the National Agricultural Research Organisation (NARO). These entities had since time immemorial been at the forefront of research on improved and disease resistant crops and animal varieties. Large chunks of land, agricultural equipment and machinery for these institutions was not spared either.  Even the huge chunks of land and machinery and other movable properties for the once booming cooperative movement was grabbed, vandalized and stolen with impunity.

In 2001, he launched the Plan for Modernisation of Agriculture (PMA) as a central element of Uganda's poverty alleviation strategy.  It was meant to be a technical and knowledge hub for the agricultural sector. It was supposed to help the rural population improve their livelihood and ensure food security through changing from subsistence agriculture to doing farming as a business. Under the Ministry of Agriculture, a PMA Secretariat was put in place at the expense of the taxpayer and its poverty eradication target was set for 2017.  It was meant to develop the agricultural sector development strategy and investment plan as a new central planning framework. Its core responsibility was was the cross sector coordination - Ministry of Agriculture, other ministries, departments, civil society, private sector and and development partners.

In 2002, Museveni launched the National Planning Authority (NPA) that is a constitutional body supposed to coordinate development planning in the entire country and to advise the executive on developmental policies. It still exists at the expense of the taxpayer but only on paper. In 2004, Museveni launched the Poverty Alleviation Department (PAD) while on a tour in Bushenyi and was meant to address poverty at household levels with 19 Model Parishes earmarked to implement Presidential initiatives, innovations and value addition. PAD was placed under State House in a scheme dubbed Presidential Initiatives. A Banana Development, industries and poverty alleviation schemes were initiated. In this regard, a State House Poverty Alleviation department was created and headed by Joan Kakwenzire who doubles as the Presidential Advisor on Poverty Alleviation.

In 2007, Museveni launched the National Development Plan (NDP) as a comprehensive national development planning framework that provided for a development of a 30 Years Vision. It was supposed to be run under the NPA and was split into three phases - NDP I (2020), NDPII (2025) and NDP III (2030). During the same year, Museveni launched a Prosperity For All (PFA) scheme that he had initiated in 2005. He dubbed it Bonna Bagaggawale and it envisaged household food security and a 20M shillings income per year. The scheme was not backed by any legal structural framework and was contained in an abstract paper titled; Plan to achieve prosperity for all Ugandans: Understanding Bonabaggagawale. It listed 14 areas for strategic tracking.

In 2001, Museveni initiated the National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS) as a statutory semi autonomous body under the Ministry of Agriculture. It aimed to promote farmers, selected enterprises, and to benef registered farmer groups and associations. It was charged with managing the distribution of agricultural inputs to farmers for sustainable household food security and incomes. Founded as a pillar of both PMA and PEAP, the pilot phase was implemented in selected sub counties and districts in South Western Uganda targeting his sectarian diary farmers. A fleet of 280 tractors were exclusively distributed to these farmers.

In 2001, Museveni initiated the Uganda Microfinance Support Center as a semi autonomous agency under the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development. A rural credit development scheme under the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development was created. Microfinance institutions were identified to provide loan products that supported agricultural value chain. Institutions like Centenary Rural Finance Scheme, Uganda Cooperative Alliance (UCA) and the Rural Agricultural Development Bank provided agricultural credit to the rural poor through the MFSC. Through the 2005/2006 national budget, he removed tax from agriculture loans to farmers by commercial banks. He appointed his brother Gen. Saleh as Minister for Microfinance.

In 2010, Museveni launched his infamous Vision 2040 that aimed at transforming Uganda from a peasantry to a modern and prosperous country within 30 years through long-term socioeconomic development plans. It aimed at enhancing sector investment plans, local government plans and annual sectoral work plans and budgets. The focus was on investment in agriculture, tourism, mining (oil, gas and minerals), infrastructural development and human capital development. It aimed at turning Uganda into a Middle Income Country by 2017, Upper Income Country by 2032 and First Income Country within 50 years. Vision 2040 identified six priority areas to achieve overall development. It was to be implemented through 3 Ten Year National Development Plans and six Five Year National Development Plans (NDPs).

Driven by the fear for an Arab Spring like situation, in 2013 Museveni initiated the Youth Livelihood Plan under the Ministry of Gender. It initially targeted the poor and unemployed youth in urban centres with the aim of helping them create self employment.  Billions of taxpayers' money was sunk into the scheme by way of a revolving fund for income generation projects. With no training and supervision, the scheme miserably failed by 96%.

In 2015, Museveni disbanded NAADS by initiating Operation Wealth Creation (OWC) charged with improving household incomes through provision of support in the coordination of NAADS activities at community level. Under the President's Office, it is manned by soldiers under his brother Gen. Saleh who is the National Coordinator of the 18 Zones headed by Regional Coordinators and 230 Constituency Coordinators. It provides agricultural inputs - seedlings, chicks, heifers, piglets etc. Its mission statement; "To create a system that facilitates effective national socioeconomic transformation with focus on raising household incomes for poverty eradication and sustainable wealth creation. Instead, his intention was to indirectly award money to his redundant, non effective and aged soldiers whom he didn't want to retire for fear that they would join opposition. The budget for OWC is nearing one trillion shillings but the impact is disastrous.

Since the introduction of his sham multiparty dispensation in 1996, Museveni has made it a habit to have his election manifesto run on themes that hinge on economic emancipation. In 1996 he had " Tackling the tasks ahead", in 2001 he had "Consolidating achievements", in 2006 he had " Prosperity for all", in 2011 he had "Prosperity for all: better service delivery and job creation" and in 2016 he had " Taking Uganda to modernity through job creation and inclusive development". It should be noted that these different themes have either been shaped by or have shaped the different sham developmental schemes that he has initiated. In June 2016, Museveni issued 23 directives to cabinet highlighting 23 critical priority areas. During the May 2018 Manifesto Week, sector ministries made presentations at the Media Center accounting for sector performance. The Ministry of Agriculture had nothing to present owing to deliberate proliferation of its core mandate. Then came the NRM Manifesto implementation conference for fiscal year 2016 - 2021. Under the Office of the President, there is the Directorate of Manifesto Implementation. Under State House, he has the Manifesto Implementation Unit. The Office of the Prime Minister has a Delivery Unit headed by Ezra Suruma. There is also the parliamentary committee on government assurance that is responsible for following up on Presidential pledges.

However, envious of the success of Microfinance Institutions in helping the rural poor, Museveni later abandoned the scheme for his preferred Saving and Credit Societies (SACCO). He argued that the community based SACCO were more placed to transform the country to middle income by 2020. The truth is that since his so-called poverty alleviation schemes were for the benefit of the politically connected, unlike MFIs, SACCOS provided an opportunity for control and influence by political elites. Since then, Museveni has been moving throughout the country promoting patronage through issuance of billions of taxpayer money to different individuals and groups both in cash and pledges. Consequently, his State House budget for presidential donations far exceeds that of most developmental sectoral ministries and agencies. The impact is bizarre because while the traditional SACCOS rely on members savings and share capital, Museveni's SACCOS rely on government donations. The redundant Ministry of Microfinance is still in place.

With all the above mentioned micromanagement, the Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning has been left with the role of rubber stamping Museveni's mismanagement. It has reneged on its core mandate of conducting development planning, mobilisation of public resources and ensuring effective accountability for use of such resources. Consequently the traditional rural subsistence farmer has lost the incentive in production and coupled by loss of land to Museveni's 'middle income' land grabbers thus the rural-urban immigration. The only prospering rural farmers are those from the Cattle Corridor who are enjoying preferential treatment under Museveni's sectarian diary development scheme.

INFORMATION IS POWER AND THE PROBLEM OF UGANDA IS MUSEVENISM