Friday, May 31, 2019

USA Virginia Beach: 11 killed in government building shooting, police say

Image copyright REUTERS 

The injured have been taken to local hospitals


Eleven people were killed and six others injured in a mass shooting at a government building in the US state of Virginia, police said.

Police said the suspect, a long-term and current Virginia Beach city employee, fired "indiscriminately" in a public utilities building.

The gunman, whose identity was not released, was killed when police responded to the incident.

Reports of the shooting started shortly after 16:00 (20:00 GMT) on Friday.
Police Chief James Cervera said the gunman returned fire on police officers but was killed in the exchange.

A police officer was among the six wounded after a bullet struck his vest, Chief Cervera told reporters.

Police said they believed the gunman had acted alone, but the motive for the shooting was not immediately clear.
"This is the most devastating day in the history of Virginia Beach," the mayor, Robert Dyer, told reporters at a press conference.

Image copyright REUTERS 

The shooting was at a building in Virginia Beach Municipal Center
The area around the building, which contains a range of city government buildings, was put into lockdown and employees were evacuated.

"We just heard people yelling and screaming at people to get down," Megan Banton, an administrative assistant in the building, told local television news station WAVY.

Another employee told the AP news agency she and others heard shooting, but didn't think the gunfire was close.
"I just thank god they were able to alert us in time, because if it had been 10 minutes more we would have all been outside," Sheila Cook said.

Virginia governor Ralph Northam described the incident as a "tragic day" for the city and the state.

"My heart breaks for the victims of this devastating shooting, their families, and all who loved them," he said on Twitter. "I am on my way to Virginia Beach now and will be there within the hour."

The FBI was at the scene helping local authorities investigate the shooting, US media reported.

According to US tracking website Gun Violence Archive the incident is the 150th mass shooting incident in the US this year.

Wikipedia article of the day for June 1, 2019 Cleopatra

The Wikipedia article of the day for June 1, 2019 is Cleopatra.
Cleopatra (69–30 BC) was the last active ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, though nominally survived as pharaoh by her son Caesarion. As a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, she was a descendant of its founder Ptolemy I Soter, a Macedonian Greek general and companion of Alexander the Great. After the death of Cleopatra, Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire, marking the end of the Hellenistic period that had lasted since the reign of Alexander (336–323 BC). While her native language was Koine Greek, she was the first Ptolemaic ruler to learn the Egyptian language. Cleopatra's legacy survives in numerous works of art. She has been a pop culture icon of Egyptomania since the Victorian era, appearing in burlesque satire, Hollywood films such as Cleopatra (1963), and commercial brands.

ENERGY: Oil report for May 31, 2019


Oil Tanks On Fears Of U.S., Mexico Trade War

Oil prices are on track for their largest monthly decline in six months. The Trump administration exacerbated the selloff with another threat of trade escalation.

Trump threatens Mexico with 5 percent tariffs. President Trump threatened to slap a 5 percent tariff on all goods imported from Mexico beginning on June 10. In a tweet, he said that the tariff would gradually increase over time unless illegal immigration stopped. The announcement is also a serious blow to attempts to pass the NAFTA 2.0 agreement, which needs be ratified in the national legislatures of Mexico, the U.S. and Canada. “The decision, understandably, is sending shivers down investors’ spines,” PVM said in a note. “U.S. refiners import roughly 680,000 barrels per day of Mexican crude. The 5% tariff adds an extra $2 million to the cost of their daily purchases.”

Fed under pressure to cut rates. The escalating trade war, which may now include Mexico, has led bond investors to bet that the U.S. Federal Reserve will cut interest rates. If the trade war is not resolved soon, “the patience needed to keep from easing will be severely tested sometime in the months ahead,” Steven Blitz, chief U.S. economist at TS Lombard, told the Wall Street Journal. For now, the central bank is not making any moves.

Trump to lift summer E15 ban. The Trump administration has approved the sale of higher concentrations of ethanol in summer months, a move that will be welcomed by ethanol producers and American farmers, already battered by the trade war. Until now, the 15 percent ethanol mix was only allowed to be sold eight months out of the year over concerns about smog in summer months. The oil and refining industries oppose the move and will likely launch legal challenges.

OPEC output falls by 60,000 bpd in May. A Reuters survey puts OPEC’s production at 30.17 million barrels per day in May, down 60,000 bpd from April and the lowest figure in nearly four years. Saudi Arabia increased output by 200,000 bpd, but Iran lost 400,000 bpd.

U.S. delays petrochemical sanctions on Iran. In what is being interpreted as an attempt to dial back tensions, the Trump administration has delayed sanctions on Iran’s petrochemical sector.

Oil majors won’t bailout struggling Permian drillers. The oil majors have said that they will not overpay for indebted and struggling drillers in the Permian. There is “not always alignment among buyers and sellers,” ExxonMobil (NYSE: XOM) CEO Darren Woods said Wednesday, a diplomatic way of saying that smaller companies are demanding too much. He suggested that these companies will be squeezed over time and will lower their expectations.

U.S. cities aiming for 100% renewables could quadruple. The number of people living in cities that have 100 percent renewable energy is set to quadruple this year.

U.S. aims for Arctic lease sale this year. The U.S. Department of Interior said that it is determined to sell oil leases for the first time in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge this year. Interior is trying to move quickly through the process. But environmental groups promise legal challenges. “If they really stick with that timeline, then they’re likely going to be violating several environmental laws,” said Adam Kolton, executive director of the Alaska Wilderness League, according to Reuters. “This is being rushed faster than any area we’ve ever seen in the American Arctic and almost any area in the United States. It’s about meeting a political clock.”

Exxon and Chevron shareholders reject climate resolutions. Shareholders of ExxonMobil (NYSE: XOM) and Chevron (NYSE: CVX) rejected resolutions at their annual general meetings that would call for more climate change oversight as well as corporate governance changes. 

Bulgaria to buy U.S. LNG. Bulgaria has agreed to buy LNG from the U.S. for the first time.

Democratic candidates take no fossil fuel money pledge. A growing number of Democratic candidates for president are pledging to take no money from fossil fuel companies.

U.S. CO2 emissions grew by 2.7 percent in 2018. U.S. CO2 emissions jumped by 2.7 percent last year, the second largest annual increase since 2000. The increase shows how U.S. climate efforts are falling short.

The top 10 energy companies plan $1 trillion in investment. The top 10 energy companies are planning $1 trillion in investment through 2030, according toBloomberg. Some of those investments could be at risk as governments tighten the screws on climate policy.

Devon Energy to sells off Canadian assets. Devon Energy (NYSE: DVN) sold offits $2.8 billion Canadian portfolio to Canadian Natural Resources Ltd. (NYSE: CNQ).

Renewable energy to beat most fossil fuels on price. Onshore wind and solar PV will be consistently cheaper than from any fossil fuel source as soon as 2020, even without subsidies.

Chevron sells North Sea stakes. Chevron (NYSE: CVX) is largely pulling out of the North Sea in order to focus on U.S. shale. The oil major agreed to sell most of its North Sea assets to Delek for $2 billion.

White Star Petroleum to file for bankruptcy. White Star Petroleum will file for bankruptcy protection. The latest casualty in the shale patch fell victim to the oil price collapse in late 2018, forcing it to stop drilling new wells this year.

ExxonMobil to return staff to Iraq. After evacuated staff from southern Iraq a few weeks ago, ExxonMobil (NYSE: XOM) said it would return workers to the field following security guarantees.

Is India’s Oil Demand Being Underestimated?
Huge jumps of 8.2% and 9.5% in Indian oil demand in 2015 and 2016 led to growing expectations that India had reached a critical developmental ‘take off’ point. Rising incomes, motorisation, road building and a drive to expand manufacturing in a country of more than 1 billion people would replicate China’s multi-year boom with profound implications for global oil demand.

In the end, Indian oil demand proved relatively disappointing, growing by only 2.9% in 2017 and 4.1% in 2018, and the forecast exuberance was reigned in.

Nonetheless, the evolution of Indian oil demand remains a critical component of future oil demand growth. In its 2018 World Energy Outlook (WEO), the International Energy Agency (IEA) forecast that for the period 2017-2040, Indian oil demand will more than double from 4.4 million b/d to 9.1 million b/d, an increase of 4.7 million b/d. This represents 41% of global demand growth over the period. In comparison, China, which accounted for 43% of world oil demand growth from 2000-2017, will see much more modest growth of 3.5 million b/d from 2017-2040.

In the IEA forecast, India would take over as the engine of oil demand, but wouldn’t have quite such a profound impact as China did from 2000-2017.

However, China’s expansion was widely and wildly underestimated. The IEA’s 2002 WEO took an in-depth look at Chinese energy demand and forecast that Chinese oil consumption would rise from 5.0 million b/d to 12 million b/d in 2030, a point reached in 2016, 14 years early.

BJP victory

The landslide victory of the Bharatiya Janata Party in India’s general election in May came despite low farm gate prices threatening to undermine the government’s rural support. The BJP won 303 seats in the lower house of parliament, up from 282 in 2014, giving it an enlarged outright majority and ensuring another five-year term for Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Modi’s pro-business economic policies and preparedness to spend on infrastructure bodes well for further gains in Indian oil demand. The economy appears to have rebounded from the impact of the removal of high denomination bank notes in 2016. The introduction of the Goods and Services Tax from July 1, 2017, despite its complexities, removes many barriers to interstate trade. Modi’s ‘Make in India’ programme should boost the manufacturing sector.

For oil, investment in roads is particularly important. While India already has the second largest road network in the world behind the US, its quality is poor and it comprises mostly rural roads rather than highways. However, the central government, which is responsible for highways, has each year increased its road building budget. In fiscal 2017-18, the government built 9,829 km of highway, more than double the 4,250 km built in 2013-14, the last year of the previous administration. A further 300 highway projects are expected to be complete this year.

Improvements to rural roads, responsibility for which again lies with central government, under the Ministry of Rural Development, are also being made. Spending is supported by programmes like the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojan rural roads project, which received an additional $500 million in World Bank funding in June last year.

Better roads mean improved freight transport and higher oil demand. While Indian car sales are experiencing a major downturn, sales of heavy-duty trucks are rising fast. Car sales dropped 15.9% year-on-year in April, the tenth consecutive month of decline, according to the Society of Automobile Manufacturers. In contrast, commercial vehicles sales rose over 1 million for the first time in fiscal 2018/19, with medium and heavy commercial vehicle sales reaching a record 351,128, up 15% year-on-year, while light commercial vehicles sales jumped 21%.

Rural-urban migration

China’s oil boom was created by investment-led growth in heavy industry and manufacturing, with the economy now reaching a less energy-intensive stage of development in which services have risen as proportion of GDP at the expense of industry.

India already has a large services sector, but also a large primary sector, mostly agriculture, which in 2017 made up 16% of GDP in contrast to China’s 8%. India’s GDP per capita on a purchasing power parity basis has grown much more slowly than China’s. In 2000, India’s GDP per capita was 73.5% of China’s, while, in 2017, is was just 42.5%. Yet India has long passed the income take-off point which China appeared to reach in the early to mid-2000s.

The BJP’s election victory was surprising in the face of very low increases in agrarian incomes over the last four years and rising levels of rural indebtedness. Small farmers are also largely excluded from formal financial structures such as bank lending and insurance.

The government has adopted a target of doubling farmers’ incomes by 2022, but it is not clear how this will be achieved without higher productivity, which will require increased mechanization and further reductions in rural employment. In recent years those that have made profits from agriculture in India have been agribusinesses rather than traditional small farmers.

In India, the rural population accounted for 66% of the total in 2017, down from 72% in 2000. In China, the rural population has dropped much faster, from 64% in 2000 to 42% in 2017.

China’s rural-urban migration was one of the largest mass movements of people in history. It reflected both push and pull factors; a decline in rural incomes and the increasing availability of urban jobs, as well as an increasing disparity between the services and housing available in rural and urban environments.

It was also a key under-estimated factor driving Chinese energy demand as the government rushed to deliver new urban homes, mass transport and centralised city services for hundreds of millions of people who spent their new urban incomes on white goods and cars.

A push by India today to expand its manufacturing capacities would not be as energy intensive as China’s expansion in the late 1990s and 2000s because India will be able to adopt more energy-efficient machinery and practices. However, the signs of rural economic distress which failed to rebound on the BJP in 2019 will be hard to address as rising demand for food benefits agribusiness over traditional practices. If a more intensive and unforeseen shift in Indian energy demand is to occur, it will start in the countryside and end in the cities via rural-urban migration, an element of development which can be moderated but rarely, if ever, avoided.

UGANDA: X-Files from the village - Season II

By Wabuyi Denis



You see, Kharende insists that he does not dilute his milk with water to multiply the quantity but everyone knows that his one cow produces 4 cups of milk but he sells 7 cups everyday and remains with 3 cups for himself. On many occasions, he has sold milk to people and they find in it woyako. Woyako are young toads/frogs and they breed in the stream near Kharende's house. In defense, Kharende has always maintained that the young toads in the milk is as a result of his cow drinking the woyakos through water from the stream. But everyone knows that it is not possible; or else we would have milk with grass in it.

But Kharende is wise; he says grass comes out with dung while the water taken by the cow comes out in form of milk.

Kharende's nickname is tyuwu-tyuwu and no one actually knows his church name-if he has any. We all call him Kharende tyuwu-tyuwu. From where the nickname came, not a person knows but probably Mzee Walumbe knows but how do you even start asking Walumbe? It is a blasphemy for us to publicly refer to elders by their nicknames. But there is also Wolungawu who sells mulokonyi, when you dance and sing for him, be sure that he will reward you with a bone.

But Kharende tyuwu-tyuwu does not only supply people with diluted milk, he also cheats his balaalo (herdsmen). On the day when he is supposed to pay wages to the herds men, he awaits for the mulaalo to come from the bush with the cattle and he starts a fight with his wives.

When Kharende starts this fight, it goes on until the herdsmen intervene to quell the fight. From there, the herder can't demand for the wages but instead sympathises with Kharende as they head to Nabalayo's shirekere for an evening of waragi/inguli which we call imandure.

Even with his behavior, we did not expect Kharende to lose Towaalo, the last of his herdsmen. He is rumored to have come from Kenya with nowhere to go. He slept in kharende's compound and was now part of the household. Nothing much was known of Towaalo apart from the fact that he had come from Kenya. Then one day, army men came to our village asking for Kharende's home. This meant trouble but who dare not be seen to be helpful to the army men???

We showed them and went into hiding. The next thing we knew, Kharende's whole family was seized for hiding a fugitive and after a great deal of beating to all, Towaalo accepted to be hiding the gun and he took the soldiers to a Bush from where he dug and revealed the gun. We don't know what happened with Towaalo after he was taken but since then, a great mistrust grew amongst the community of the strangers that we referred to as "Bamuuli".

Since then, Kharende has been personally taking care of his cattle. It is an explanation as to why his herd kept reducing. Many times, Kharende would head to Manafa with 20 cows and return with 19. If a cow dared him, you just know that it won't return home the next day. He would sell it from the bush. But also he did this to avoid being accountable to his wives, especially Umukhamunyu.

One day, after spending time in Manafa with his cattle, Kharende returned home and Umukhamunyu served him with bufukke (mashed potatoes, cassava and beans). Since Kharende was too hungry, he expressly ate two plates, after which he could not breathe, talk or walk. Umukhamunyu called from the kitchen, "O Kharende", Umukhamunyu called but to no reply. She called again and asked "can I give you more bufukke?" She asked but Kharende replied with a whistling. It is after this that Umukhamunyu understood that her husband had eaten too much to talk. She took her husband to the bush and after over 20 minutes, Kharende returned holding his stomach and asked for drinking water.

Till then we shall keep you posted!

Uganda: The Prisons and Safe Houses are full of Muslims

Yesterday, a group of Muslim leaders in Uganda had supper with Military Dictator Yoweri Museveni for IFTAR. This fiascal was too painful to watch.  Over the last 7yrs, around 17 Muslim clerics have been assassinated with no one arrested or report of investigations.

Over the last 7 weeks, Uganda regime has been in media about "Terrorists" aka "Islamists", ISIS, AFD.  Funny thing is every time a crime happens in Uganda, it is the Moslems who get rounded up.

Yet their leaders felt if appropriate to have IFTAR with their killer. Emitwe egyo!  MLN

Uganda: Living In Fear - Documentary by AL JAZEERA

We investigate the sinister and mysterious murders of some of Uganda's leading Muslim clerics.

Many Ugandans have lived through fear over the decades - either because of the actions of Joseph Kony's Lord's Resistance Army or from the campaign of an Islamist insurgency known as the ADF. But today Ugandan Muslims face a different anxiety.

Over the past two years, unknown assailants have ambushed and killed a dozen of the country's leading Muslim clerics. Others survived and now live in fear. The attacks have occurred across the country, from the capital, Kampala, to border towns such as Mbale.

The government and police say that ADF insurgents, among others, are responsible for the killings. Others blame them on an ideological struggle within the Muslim community or a result of a fight over property and money.

Many, though, are pointing fingers at Ugandan government security forces themselves, accusing them of using violence and the "threat of terrorism" to engender reasons for suppressing political opposition.

In the middle of all this is a so-called hit list with the names of Muslim clerics who have, apparently, been marked for murder. More than half of those on the list have now been killed and the rest now live under armed protection, but they remain under threat, increasing tensions between the different Muslim denominations, the public and the authorities.

Prompted by this story's mysterious claims and counter claims, reporters Sorious Samura and Ivan Okuda and producer Clive Patterson teamed up to find out who was really behind the violence that is dividing a community and the nation and to ask whether state agencies are more involved than they are letting on.

This film was first broadcast on Al Jazeera English in November 2015.

Sheikh Haruna Jjemba believes that 'radicals' are behind the murders of 12 Muslim leaders [Al Jazeera]

FILMMAKER'S VIEW, By Clive Patterson

I work with Sorious Samura, the renowned journalist from Sierra Leone, and when we heard that 12 Muslim clerics had recently been murdered or died in mysterious circumstances in Uganda, we knew we had a story we wanted to investigate further. The story intrigued us for a number of reasons: The majority of the clerics were killed in a similar fashion - shot at night by gunmen who arrived and escaped on motorcycles; there have been no convictions to date; there didn't appear to be an obvious motive for the killings - all very curious.

Last year, Al Jazeera exposed the existence of government death squads in Kenya targeting, among others, Muslim leaders. Was something similar going on in neighbouring Uganda?

Hajji Bongo doesn't believe that Islamists were behind his father's death [Al Jazeera]

We were also very impressed by the Ugandan journalist Ivan Okuda, who brought the story to our attention and was selected to join our Africa Investigates team this year.

We began by making connections to members of the Muslim community in Uganda. It soon became clear this community was fraught with conflicts and tension. In fact, since the arrival of Islam in Uganda in the mid-19th century, it had been that way, with almost constant power struggles and fights over the interpretation of the holy book.

We found the various Muslim leaders to be open and welcoming, but the constellation of competing factions was difficult to navigate. Although we knew it would be difficult to solve a multiple murder mystery in a few weeks, we wanted to get beyond a simple series of "he said, she said" interviews of claims and counter-claims. That meant we needed to be as forensic as possible with the data available to us and try to do some proper detective work.

We soon discovered an intriguing pattern. The majority of those killed belonged to a sect called the Tabliq - a group that came to prominence in the 1980s after the return of Ugandan Muslims who had been sent to receive their religious education in the Middle East by Idi Amin, the Muslim president of Uganda between 1971 and 1979. Many of the returnees studied in Saudi Arabia and were influenced by the conservative doctrines of Wahhabi and Salafi Islam, some of the tenets of which are also believed to have been embraced by militant groups around the world.

As a consequence of this perceived connection to radicalism, Tabliqs say they have faced regular harassment from Ugandan security forces, including surveillance, arbitrary detention and torture. In fact, one of our key contacts in the Tabliq spoke about being followed and bugged by the police as if it were an everyday part of life. Another of our interviewees, Ayub Nyende, secretary-general of the Tabliq, told us he was on the run from the police because they were accusing him (somewhat improbably) of being a spy for the Israeli government. Needless to say, he laughed off the charge, but what is clear is that such heavy-handed state scrutiny has made many Tabliqs and indeed Muslims of other denominations deeply suspicious of the government's intentions. Several told us they were convinced that the state was involved in the murders in some way.

But curiously, while Tabliqs made up the majority of victims, it was their leader, Sheikh Kamoga, who actually emerged as one of the early key suspects in the investigation. A controversial figure, he led a violent revolt against the official Muslim leadership, the Ugandan Muslim Supreme Council (UMSC) in the early 1990s. The revolt failed and Kamoga fled to Kenya but returned in 2009 and was reinstated as the Tabliq leader. However, we'd heard that a number of his senior colleagues, including one who appears in the film, Sheikh Haruna Jjemba, were deeply uncomfortable with what they considered to be Kamoga's radicalism. A couple of years back, these tensions escalated into a public split and soon after, the murders started.

Later, someone put two and two together to make well, something anyway, and Kamoga is now in custody while his alleged connection to the killings is being investigated.

However, as we were to find, nothing in this very murky story is straightforward or lends itself to easy conclusions. For example, we examined the evidence that appeared to implicate Kamoga, such as a dying declaration by one of the victims and statements by former colleagues that Kamoga and his group had been threatening them.

But then we also heard testimony from many people, including Kamoga himself, who believe he is being framed.

It was a challenge not to get stuck in a simple tug of war between these competing interests, which is why, as you'll see in the film, we eventually began to pursue evidence that we could more readily and independently verify.

It wasn't easy. We began to look at police allegations that the ADF, a Ugandan Islamist insurgent group, was also behind or connected to the attacks. The police gave us a report in which they said the majority of their suspects in the murder investigation were former ADF fighters who had returned to civilian life through a government-run amnesty programme.

But this seemed unlikely. When we checked with the people who ran that programme, only a quarter of the names put forward by the police were familiar to them.

So we travelled to eastern Uganda, to an area that is said to be a recruiting ground for the ADF. We spoke to the son of one of the murdered Sheikhs, Hajji Bongo, who lived in the region. He couldn't see any reason why the ADF would want to target his father, who had never had any connection or dealings with the insurgents. That was also the conclusion of a former senior member of the ADF we tracked down, who was puzzled and dismissed the claims out of hand. He couldn't understand why the Islamist ADF would want to kill respected Muslim clerics.

He certainly had a point.

One of the other more bizarre police allegations we'd heard in relation to the ADF was that a prominent Ugandan Christian cardiologist and philanthropist called Dr Aggrey Kiyingi was also behind the murders and had donated money for the purpose. We tracked the doctor down to Australia, where he lives and practises, and he, too, emphatically dismissed the "ridiculous and absurd" accusation. He said it was a smear motivated by the Ugandan regime's anxiety that he might run in a future presidential election.

We then spoke to the doctor's lawyer in Uganda who pointed us towards a police claim that they had arrested a man for being one of Kiyingi's alleged associates - supposedly a dangerous international assassin who had received terrorism training in Australia. We looked into the man's background and found that, in actual fact, he was an illiterate villager who lived in a mud hut in a remote part of Eastern Uganda. The man's family told us that he had never left the country and that the charges against him were nonsensical.

So what on earth was going on? We'd begun our investigation with a mystery about the murder of 12 Muslim clerics and we'd found a puzzle, tied in a riddle and wrapped up in enigma, all somehow connected to increasingly implausible and contradictory official accusations about a grand conspiracy involving Islamist insurgents.

We wanted to sit down with state officials to discuss these matters. We put in interview requests for the Inspector General of the Police and President Yoweri Museveni who has held power in Uganda since 1986. Why, we wanted to know, was the government insisting that the killings were carried out by the ADF when the evidence seemed so scant? Why were police accusing a heart specialist, Dr Aggrey Kiyingi, who lived thousands of miles away in Australia, of involvement in these attacks? And where in this jigsaw puzzle did the contradictory claims and counter-claims about the Tabliqs and their leader, Sheikh Kamoga, fit in?

What, in short, was going on?

Neither the president nor Uganda's chief policeman agreed to take part in our film.

So we put that question to someone else who might know. General David Sejusa is one of the Ugandan army's most decorated officers. He was also an intelligence chief and adviser to the president until he fell out of favour for criticising the government in public.

His answer, as you'll see in the film, is illuminating and suggests that the authorities may be using the murders as a political tool to exaggerate the perception that Uganda is under attack by Islamic extremists.

Make of the general's comments what you will, but certainly both Sorious and I came away from this story disturbed by what we had heard about the Ugandan government and its use of the police force.

As for who is behind the killings of the 12 Muslim clerics, well, watch our film and then draw your own conclusions.

NTVUganda has added 7 billion shillings spent on Namugongo Uganda Martyrs’ Museum video

7 billion shillings spent on Namugongo Uganda Martyrs’ Museum

Over 7 billion shillings has been spent so far on the modification of the Uganda Martyrs’ Museum at Namugongo. The Museum, which houses numerous items hosts numerous items dedicated to the lives and final days of the Uganda martyrs is already attracting many visitors: #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit Follow us on Twitter Like our Facebook page

NTVUganda has added Archbishop Odama asks politicians to use Martyrs day to reflect on their actions video

Archbishop Odama asks politicians to use Martyrs day to reflect on their actions

The Archbishop of Gulu John Baptist Odama has revealed that the archdiocese will preach a message of reconciliation during this year’s martyrs’ day celebrations. Speaking during the various rehearsals at the Uganda Martyrs Shrine in Namugongo, Archbishop Odama noted that the country is mostly divided along political lines. He asked politicians to use this time to reflect on their actions and the politics that they practice. #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit Follow us on Twitter Like our Facebook page

NTVUganda has added MPs pay tribute to former Prime Minister Apolo Nsibambi video

MPs pay tribute to former Prime Minister Apolo Nsibambi

Prime Minister Dr Ruhakana Rugunda has applauded his predecessor the late Prof Apolo Nsibambi for advocating for the timely payment of emoluments for civil servants. Dr Rugunda made the commendation as moved a motion during a special sitting to pay tribute to Prof Nsibambi. #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit Follow us on Twitter Like our Facebook page

NTVUganda has added Financial Intelligence Authority to monitor land transactions video

Financial Intelligence Authority to monitor land transactions

The financial intelligence authority has agreed to work with the Lands ministry to fight money laundering in land transactions. This follows reports that the real estate sector is a soft target for investing stolen money. The authority are calling for a law and appropriate controls to ensure that money laundering is stopped due the adverse effects on the economy: #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit Follow us on Twitter Like our Facebook page

NTVUganda has added Uganda Cranes to face Lesotho as COSAFA kicks off video

Uganda Cranes to face Lesotho as COSAFA kicks off

#NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit Follow us on Twitter Like our Facebook page

NTVUganda has added Uganda Cranes players ready for Afcon challenge video

Uganda Cranes players ready for Afcon challenge

The Uganda Cranes are still camp at the Sheikh Zayat Stadium in Abu Dhabi, where they held training sessions, ahead of their opening match of the 2019 AFCON finals in June. The Cranes take on the Democratic Republic of Congo in the second match of group A with Egypt and Zimbabwe, in the opener. Midfielder Bevis Mugabi, who is with the team in the United Arab Emirates, says the team is looking forward to the challenge. #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit Follow us on Twitter Like our Facebook page

NTVUganda has added Boxing Federation sensitises boxers on HiV prevention video

Boxing Federation sensitises boxers on HiV prevention

The Uganda Boxing Federation in conjunction with UN Women under the campaign He-For-She have held a HIV-Sensitisation campaign with localboxers attached to East Coast Boxing club in Naguru. He For She is a UN women's campaign aimed at enlisting men and boys to support women and gender equality. #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit Follow us on Twitter Like our Facebook page

NTVUganda has added Joseph Kyagambiddwa; The man behind the songs sang during the Martyrs Canonisation video

Joseph Kyagambiddwa; The man behind the songs sang during the Martyrs Canonisation

The canonization of the Uganda Martyrs at the Vatican in 1964 was not only historical but ground breaking. Apart from being the first canonization of saints born south of the Sahara, it was also the first time African music was sang at the vatican. We look at the late Joseph Kyagambiddwa, the man behind these songs, which formed what came to be called an Oratorio. #NTVNews Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit Follow us on Twitter Like our Facebook page

UGANDA: Opposition Lesson 9 - Tolerate criticism

Uganda opposition leaders have a lot of work to do. Our current blood letting is because we do not tolerate criticism or dissenters.

We fight each other on Global Social Media Platforms. Daily.  Then we pretend that we shall take down Military Dictator Yoweri Museveni who does not tolerate criticism or dissenters.  Then opposition, which claims they will take down the dictator do the same things.

If you ever take Business 101, you will learn that your critics are your best friends.  But you, you do not allow criticism.  What if the person criticizing you might have a good idea.  How will you ever know? You shut the person down immediately instead of asking why they are complaining.

When you take over government, how different will you be from the current regime?  You blackmail each other.  You accuse each other.  Your followers do it for you and yet you never stand up to distance yourselves.  Will you be any different from Museveni? I bet not.  Not until you allow dissenting voices.

Ugandans are yearning for change. A change that will deliver them from BONDAGE. Yet, you let your supporters abuse everyone who dares say what they think your party could do better.  I think that is why Museveni will rule Uganda till he dies.  You let the nation down when you behave like a dictator.  We have had one for 33yrs.  Is it not time for a change?

Uganda opposition has a lot of work to do.  I am certain that they should write in their binders weekly.

What we did right.

What we could do better.

Certainly, attacking a Ugandan who lives in Canada should not be allowed.  Because till you do right, I will be here to remind you of what you are doing wrong (IMHO).

Martha Leah Nangalama
Moncton, Canada

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Drug Authority closes over 200 drug shops in Northern Uganda

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UGANDA: Development Channel tries bribe to get damaging story deleted

Opio Sam Ging Ging <>

9:04 AM (3 hours ago)

Regards Peril Africa

My name is Samuel Opio from Develoment Channel.

We are getting back to our normal duties after going through all the clrearances from the government.

We are kindly requesting for your support and pull down the article about DC in your website. We are aware that it will come at a cost and we would love to offer you some money.

Thank you and waiting for your kind response.

Martha Leah Nangalama <>

12:18 PM (0 minutes ago)

to Opio

I will take down the story after you refund every Ugandans you defrauded. Until then, there is no room for negotiation. AND you can keep your money. It is a matrer of principle. I never take down stories even if offered to remove them. Not until the wrong has been righted.

This is the story they have been begging me to delete. One of their managers even threatened me 2 weeks ago and I told her to just sue me. The story was actually in Daily Monitor. I took a copy and blogged it. Daily Monitor has deleted their story so these guys think that just because they can get a big media house in Uganda to remove the story, a Canadian will remove it too.

Generally, many stories implicating companies in Uganda tend to be deleted after the implicated company pays the media or journalist to remove it. That shit will never wor with MLN. Sure, I need money but come on, how many Ugandans are still crying over what they lost to these scammers!

US checking reports North Korea executed envoy - Pompeo

North Korean leader Kim Jong-un arrives for the second US-North Korea summit in Hanoi, Vietnam. 


South Korean paper claims Kim Hyok-chol has been killed and a negotiator put in forced labour
The leader has purged some of his senior staff. Photograph: Wallace Woon/EPA

Mike Pompeo has said the US is attempting to check reports that a senior North Korean official involved in Pyongyang’s nuclear negotiations with Washington had been executed.

“We’ve seen the reporting to which you are referring,” the US secretary of state told a news conference in Berlin in answer to a question. “We’re doing our best to check it out. I don’t have anything else to add to that today.”

Earlier on Friday, a South Korean newspaper reported that Kim Hyok-chol, the North’s special envoy to the US, had been executed over the failure of the recent summit between the North Korean leader, Kim Jong-un, and Donald Trump.

South Korea’s Chosun Ilbo newspaper claimed Kim and foreign ministry officials who conducted working-level preparations for February’s doomed Trump-Kim summit in Hanoi were killed in March.

The newspaper’s report, based on unnamed North Korean sources, has not been independently verified. North Korea has not confirmed or denied the killings, and the regime has challenged previous media claims about executions. The South Korean government was unable to confirm the report.

The paper said Kim Yong-chol, a senior official who had been Pompeo’s counterpart in the run-up to the summit,had been subjected to forced labour and “ideological education”.

Chosun Ilbo said Kim Jong-un had launched another purge of senior officials in an attempt to divert attention from internal turmoil and discontent.

“Kim Hyok-chol was investigated and executed at Mirim airport with four foreign ministry officials in March,” an unnamed North Korea source said, according to the newspaper, adding that they were charged with spying for the US.

Kim Hyok-chol had been the counterpart to Stephen Biegun, the US special representative for North Korea, before the summit.

Kim Yong-chol was forced to work in Jagang province after his dismissal, the newspaper’s source said, adding that Kim Song-hye, who carried out working-level negotiations with Kim Hyok-chol, was sent to a political prison camp.

Shin Hye-yong, who interpreted for the North Korean leader at the Hanoi summit, was reportedly detained at a political prison camp for undermining Kim Jong-un’s authority by making a critical interpreting mistake, the newspaper said.

Kim Yo-jong, the regime leader’s sister who has been at her brother’s sidethroughout both nuclear summits, is also said to be “lying low” on her brother’s orders, the paper reported, citing an unnamed South Korean government official, who said: “We are not aware of Kim Yo-jong’s track record since the Hanoi meeting.”

Although it made no mention of the purges reported by the Chosun Ilbo, the North Korean state newspaper Rodong Sinmun said in a commentary on Thursday: “Acting like one is revering the leader in front [of others] but dreaming of something else when one turns around is an anti-party, anti-revolutionary act that has thrown away the moral fidelity toward the leader, and such people will not avoid the stern judgment of the revolution.”

“There are traitors and turncoats who only memorise words of loyalty toward the leader and even change according to the trend of the time.”

It is the first time since the December 2013 execution of Jang Song-thaek, Kim Jong-un’s uncle and mentor, that expressions such as “anti-party, anti-revolutionary” and “stern judgment” have appeared in Rodong Sinmun, according to Chosun Ilbo.

Kim is believed to have presided over several high-profile purges since he became leader in late 2011 after the death of his father, Kim Jong-il.

However, South Korean reports of North Korean executions have sometimes turned out to be inaccurate, underlining the difficulty of ascertaining reliable accounts of the secretive state’s internal politics.

In 2015, South Korean media reported that Hyon Yong-chol, North Korea’s defence chief, had been executed with an anti-aircraft gun. But South Korea’s national intelligence service later said it had been unable to verifythat Hyon had been put to death.

Facebook lawyer says you don’t actually have any privacy on the site


Just one day before Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg said at a shareholder meeting that he wants to build a “privacy-focused social platform,” the company’s lawyer argued that privacy doesn’t actually exist on Facebook.

At a hearing in a class-action lawsuit over Cambridge Analytica’s accessing of Facebook user data, company attorney Orin Snyder argued that there is “no expectation of privacy” on Facebook (or social media in general), according to Law360.

“There is no invasion of privacy at all, because there is no privacy,” Snyder said while trying to convince U.S. District Court Judge Vince Chhabria toss out the lawsuit. Snyder argued that users had given consent to share their data with third parties.

“You have to closely guard something to have a reasonable expectation of privacy,” he said.

Snyder’s argument appeared to fly in the face of Zuckerberg’s speech at Thursday’s Facebook shareholder meeting, where the CEO stressed his commitment to protecting users’ private data.

“One of the big themes that we’re going to be pushing on for the next 5 to 10 years is building out this vision of a privacy-focused social platform,” Zuckerberg told shareholders.

He added that Facebook is largely public — like a “digital town square” — but that privacy would be a major thrust of the company’s product strategy for years to come. Speaking before a judge on Wednesday, Snyder said that sharing something with a large crowd of people (like your Facebook followers) forfeits your right to privacy.

Facebook has dealt with multiple scandals over its handling of user data during the past year, including giving companies the ability to see viewers’ private messages. At the same time, Facebook’s massive size and essential monopoly over social media (the company owns both Instagram and messaging service WhatsApp) has led politicians and even former executives to call for it to be broken up.

Zuckerberg has doubled down on his commitment to privacy, even if his lawyer says otherwise. In April, the CEO stood on stage and declared “the future is private” at the Facebook F8 developer conference. He introduced six core pillars that he said would help get the company there.

The company is in a tricky position because privacy isn’t profitable. The more data the social network has about you, your interests, your behavior, and your family, the more it can use that data to help advertisers target you.

You and your data are essentially the product on both Facebook and Instagram — that’s why Facebook reported a massive $16.6 billion dollar in ad revenue for the final quarter of 2018. Facebook (and Zuckerberg) know that, but it’s not good public relations for them to admit it. Except when they’re in court, fighting off a lawsuit.

Self-employment can be good for your health

Despite long working hours and high work pressure, entrepreneurs and the self-employed frequently boast high job satisfaction because of the autonomy and the interesting work that often come with being one’s own boss. Yet, we know much less about how self-employment affects entrepreneurs’ physical and mental health. This is unfortunate because it severely limits our understanding of the nonmonetary benefits and costs of entrepreneurship, as well as its challenges and promises.


Entrepreneurs’ contributions to job creation, innovation, and creativity are key to social progress and economic growth. By contributing to individual and collective empowerment and well-being, entrepreneurship can help promote social cohesion, resilience, sustainability, and inclusion. Therefore, understanding the causes and consequences of entrepreneurship is key to designing innovative strategies to achieve social progress. Most importantly, if entrepreneurship is conducive to health, policy instruments that encourage entrepreneurship such as start-up grants can also indirectly improve health outcomes in society.

In a recent paper published in the Journal of Business Venturing, I offer the first causal evidence on the health consequences of switching to self-employment. Using German survey data tracking individuals and their careers over time, I find that becoming one’s own boss improves the mental health of those who were initially unemployed and of individuals who were formerly full-time employees. In Germany, self-employment is about 10 percent of total employment and about 5 percent of the population is the owner/manager of a new business or in the process of starting one.

I show that “opportunity entrepreneurs”—workers who switched from 9-to-5 jobs to self-employment—also improved their physical health. However, “necessity entrepreneurs”—individuals who switched from unemployment to self-employment—did not see a change in physical health as a result of becoming their own boss (Figure 1). Mental health gains, meanwhile, are bigger for those escaping unemployment than for those switching from regular jobs. This is not just because they avoid the stigma of being unemployed but also likely because they get an identity boost from being self-employed.

To better understand whether these mental health improvements are due to self-employment or working per se, I also studied transitions from unemployment to regular employment. Indeed, switches to self-employment lead to higher increases in mental health compared to moving to a job in the private sector. Given the large psychological costs of unemployment, it is reassuring to know that self-employment provides not only a livelihood but also psychological health gains to those who escape the misery of joblessness.

My findings are based on comparing the before-and-after health outcomes of people who switch to self-employment (treated group) with those of individuals who remain in the original labor market state (either unemployment or regular employment). Before undertaking the before-and-after comparisons, I use statistical matching to ensure that the groups of those who switch into self-employment and those who remain in the original labor market state are as similar as possible regarding characteristics such as age, gender, education, family circumstances, and even pre-treatment health outcomes. The rich longitudinal information in my dataset allows me to conclude that my findings are not due to personality and risk preferences or changes in income and working conditions. I also rule out that the results are due to relatively healthy individuals starting a business and that the health benefits of self-employment are indeed due to self-employment and not to the excitement about the new job.
Figure 1: Mental and physical health changes due to switching to entrepreneurship

Source: Nikolova (2019) based on estimations from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), 2002-2014.

Notes: This figure illustrates the estimated changes in individual self-reported physical and mental health following the switch from unemployment to self-employment (left panel) and regular employment to self-employment (right panel) based on difference-in-differences estimations (with 95% confidence intervals). The Mental Component Scale and the Physical Component Scale are based on the SF-12 questionnaire, which is a valid and reliable survey instrument for eliciting health information. The Mental Component Scale is a weighted combination of variables measuring mental and emotional health, social functioning, and vitality. The physical component scale is a weighted combination of variables capturing bodily pain, physical functioning, and the presence of physical health problems. Both scales range from 0 to 100 and are standardized to have a mean of 50 and a standard deviation of 10. Higher values correspond to better physical/mental health.

These findings support the “active jobs” hypothesis, which suggests that the combination of high job demands (work intensity, time stress, high workloads, conflicting demands) and high decision control (control and authority over work and possibility for growth and skill development) leads to favorable health outcomes. Thus, entrepreneurs, who are the embodiment of individuals working in active jobs, experience relatively high levels of health.

This research has two key policy-relevant findings. First, the fact that necessity entrepreneurship improves mental health—and does so independently of income changes—entails that active labor market policies, such as start-up subsidies for the unemployed, can not only promote labor market re-integration but also improve mental health.

Second, switching out of full-time private sector jobs into self-employment also brings health gains, at least in the short run. The self-employed have more flexibility to arrange their working days, which may better position them to engage in health-enhancing behaviors such as going to the gym.

Given that the mental health benefits of entrepreneurship exceed the physical ones, the positive consequences of self-employment appear to work through psychological mechanisms, which is a finding that deserves further exploration. While self-employment is not a silver bullet, these results show that in the short run, it can enhance social welfare by not only contributing to growth and innovation, but also to health.

Walt Whitman: A Life in Newspapers

By Arlene Balkansky, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

In 1860, the 3rd edition of Walt Whitman’s Leaves of Grass received a wildly varying reception in newspapers. At opposite ends of the spectrum, it was advertised as “America’s First Distinctive Poem” and reviewed as “armless, witless, pointless.”

Ad for “America’s First Distinctive Poem. Walt Whitman’s Leaves of Grass,” New-York Daily Tribune, April 24, 1860, p. 1.

Review of Leaves of Grass. Cleveland Morning Leader, December 13, 1860, p. 1.

The advertisement was from the volume’s short-lived publishers Thayer & Eldridge. The anonymous review in the Cleveland Morning Leader went on to describe Whitman’s poetry as having “deliberate and premeditated indecencies…” The Morning Leader review even derided Ralph Waldo Emerson as “unscrupulous” for having championed Leaves of Grass in a well-publicized letter to Whitman.

Before Walt Whitman became famous–and to some notorious–for his masterwork Leaves of Grass and for his lifestyle, he had a long association with newspapers. At 13, he was a printer’s apprentice. At 19, he founded and edited a small newspaper, the Long Islander, which he sold after 10 months in the summer of 1839. Throughout most of the 1840s, he edited newspapers, including a brief stint that ended contentiously at The New York Aurora, March-May, 1842, and a nearly two-year tenure that also ended contentiously at The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, 1846-1848.

More significantly, his own prose, fiction, and poetry appeared in newspapers and periodicals beginning in the late 1830s and continuing throughout his life.

“The Child and the Profligate,” reprinted in the Green-Mountain Freeman, November 29, 1844, p. 4.

“Resurgemus,” New-York Daily Tribune, June 21, 1850, p. 3.

Some of Whitman’s writings published in newspapers were identified only recently by two scholars who discovered them while examining little seen rare newspapers held at the Library of Congress.

In May 2014, Wendy Katz, an associate professor of art history at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, identified the Whitman poem, “To Bryant, the Poet of Nature,” signed “W. W.” She found the poem in the June 23, 1842 issue of the Democratic Republican New Era. At the time, Katz was examining penny press newspapers in our Newspaper and Current Periodical Reading Room while a Fellow in Residence at the Smithsonian American Art Museum.

A little over two years later, in the summer of 2016, graduate student Zachary Turpin, now an assistant professor of American literature at the University of Idaho, found Life and Adventures of Jack Engle: An Auto-Biography, a Whitman novel serialized in six parts in the New York Sunday Dispatch, March 14-April 18, 1852. While published anonymously, Turpin was able to confirm Whitman’s authorship based on notes in a Whitman notebook held in the Library of Congress Manuscript Division’s Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman.

You can now read Life and Adventures of Jack Engle, as published in the six Sunday Dispatch issues recently digitized in the Chronicling America database from our original paper issues.

“Life and Adventures of Jack Engle: An Auto-Biography,” Sunday Dispatch (New York, NY), March 14, 1852, p. 1.

Our Walt Whitman Topics Page in Chronicling America also features Jack Engle, as well as later articles focusing on Whitman as the “Good Gray Poet,” the description his friend William Douglas O’Connor used as early as 1865 in response to Whitman’s dismissal from his clerkship at the Department of the Interior. In addition to searching Whitman’s name and relevant titles, you may want to try one of his pseudonyms, Paumanok, from a Native American name for Long Island, his birthplace. Whitman utilized that place name most notably in his poem, Starting from Paumanok.

With over 15 million digitized newspapers pages in Chronicling America, you can search to get a cross-section of Whitman’s journalism, as well as ads and reviews focused on his poetry and fiction, praising or damning his work and him.

Uganda: Bidders required for surveying of electrical power lines


The government of Uganda through the Ministry of Water and Environment, Water and Sanitation Development Facility-South West has allocated funds and intends to apply part of the proceeds of these funds towards the cost of pre-qualification of supplies, services and works for FYs 2019/2020, 2020/2021 and 2021/2022.

The Ministry now invites suitably qualified bidders to submit sealed short listing submissions for surveying of electrical power lines.

Pre-qualification submissions will be evaluated in accordance with the Public Procurement and Disposal of Public Assets Act, 2003 of the Government of Uganda.

Pre-qualification is open to all eligible bidders.

Interested eligible bidders may obtain further information from and inspect the pre-qualification documents at the address given below from 8:00am to 5:00pm during official working days.

The pre-qualification documents in English may be purchased by interested bidders on the submission of a written application to the address below and upon payment of a non-refundable fee of 50,000 UGX ($13).

Pre-qualification submissions must be delivered to the address below on or before 12 June 2019 at 10:00am.

Address documents may be inspected and issued at: Procurement and Disposal Unit, Water and Sanitation Development Facility- South Western Branch Plot 1 Mbarara - Kabale Road, Mbarara Municipality. P.O. BOX 575, Mbarara.

Uganda, France complete joint military training in mountain warfare

KAMPALA, May 30 (Xinhua) -- Ugandan and French troops have completed a 10-day joint military training in mountain warfare, a military statement said here on Thursday.

The Ugandan military in a statement said the training was held on Mountain Rwenzori in the western part of the country neighboring the volatile eastern Democratic Republic of Congo.

Lt. Gen. Wilson Mbadi, deputy Chief of Defense Forces of the Ugandan military said such exercises are aimed at keeping the country's soldiers physically fit as well as preparing for future assignments.

"The best welfare for a soldier is first class training, because it gives you confidence and enough skills," Gen. Mbadi said.

Lt. Col. Fabien Miclot, French Defense Attaché to Uganda, hailed Uganda's efforts in fighting terrorism especially in Somalia.

"Fighting terrorism is a common cause and that's why we are engaged in joint operations to create no room for terrorists," Lt. Col. Fabien said.

The Ugandan and French militaries have previously held joint training in mountain warfare on Mountain Rwenzori.

Today in History - May 31 Walt Whitman - LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

Walt Whitman

Walt Whitman, American poet, journalist, and essayist, was born on May 31, 1819, in West Hills, New York. His verse collection Leaves of Grass is a landmark in the history of American literature.Walt Whitman, half-length portrait, seated, facing left, wearing hat and sweater, holding butterfly. Photograph by Phillips & Taylor, Philadelphia, 1873. Prints & Photographs Division

This photo of Whitman holding a cardboard butterfly was used as the frontispiece for the 1889 edition of Leaves of Grass.

And what I assume you shall assume,
For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you.

I loafe and invite my soul,
I lean and loafe at my ease . . . . observing a spear of summer grass.

Walt Whitman, opening to “Song of Myself,” Leaves of Grass, 1855.

Whitman grew up in Brooklyn, New York, and at age twelve began to learn the printing trade. Over time he moved from printing to teaching to journalism, becoming the editor of the Brooklyn Daily EagleExternal in 1846. He began experimenting with a new form of poetry, revolutionary at the time, free of a regular rhythm or rhyme scheme that has come to be known as free verse. In 1855, Whitman published, anonymously and at his own expense, the first edition of Leaves of Grass. Revolutionary too was the content of his poems celebrating the human body and the common man. Whitman would spend the rest of his life revising and enlarging Leaves of Grass; the ninth edition appeared in 1892, the year of his death.Cardboard Butterfly, undated, in photograph of Whitman in the 1889 edition of Leaves of Grass. Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of Walt Whitman Papers. Manuscript Division

Whitman’s confidence and literary career got an enormous boost because of a letter from Ralph Waldo Emerson, the most respected essayist, philosopher, and lecturer of his generation, heralding Whitman’s work as “the most extraordinary piece of wit and wisdom that America has yet contributed.” Emerson greeted Whitman “at the beginning of a great career.” Perhaps America’s first self-publicist, Whitman allowed Emerson’s letter to be published without the writer’s permission in the October 10, 1855, issue of the New-York Daily Tribune and the second edition of Leaves of Grass (1856).

The Library of Congress holds the world’s largest Walt Whitman manuscript collection, numbering some 20,000 items and including many original notebooks. In these sometimes homemade or adapted notebooks, the poet jotted down random thoughts in prose and expressions in poetry. Four of Walt Whitman’s early notebooks are available in the online Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of Walt Whitman Papers. The “1847” notebook (Notebook LC #80) contains remarkable trial flights of verse for what later evolved into “Song of Myself”—the opening section of Leaves of Grass. On page 65 and pages 68 through 72 Whitman breaks off from prose ruminations and speaks—perhaps for the first time—in the revolutionary verse form that he created.Notebook LC #80, “Earliest” Notebook. (Holloway No.1)External, 1847, p. 25. Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of Walt Whitman Papers. Manuscript Division

During the Civil War, Whitman worked at the Army Paymaster’s Office in Washington, D.C. In his spare time, he visited wounded soldiers in hospitals. In Whitman’s “1862” notebook (Notebook LC #94) he recorded simple requests from the soldiers. For example, on page 3 Whitman notes during a visit to the Patent Office Hospital that the man in bed twenty-seven “wants some figs and a book” and that beds twenty-three and twenty-four “want some horehound candy.” Whitman also recorded the stories that the wounded men told him of their war experiences. On another page (image 60), he relates “the fight at the bridge” at the September 1862 Battle of Antietam.

Inspired by the death of President Abraham Lincoln, Walt Whitman wrote his famous dirge “O Captain! My Captain!” in 1865. A rare example of his rhymed, rhythmically regular verse, the poem was published in the Saturday Press to immediate acclaim and was included in the poet’s Sequel to Drum-Taps also published that year. Whitman revised the poem in 1866 and again in 1871. It quickly became his single most popular poem, much to his consternation, and it was the only one of his poems in his compendium Leaves of Grass to be widely reprinted and anthologized during his lifetime.

Whitman’s reputation has grown steadily since his death. Today, he is widely recognized as one of the greatest American poets.

Learn More
Read more in the Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of Walt Whitman Papersabout the story of how Whitman’s notebooks disappeared from the Library of Congress in 1942, and how they were found in New York and returned to the Library on February 24, 1995. The collection also includes background information about the notebooks and the process of scanning and preservingthem.
Learn more about Whitman through the online exhibit Revising Himself: Walt Whitman and Leaves of Grass, which traces the different occupations and preparations that led Whitman to become the author of Leaves of Grass, as well as his subsequent evolution as a poet.
Teach students about Walt Whitman and the writing of poetry through the following Whitman-related posts on the Library blog From the Catbird Seat: Poetry and Literature at the Library of Congress:
Walt Whitman’s Wartime Experience: Using Primary Sources to Offer Context, offers ways for students to explore how Whitman’s wartime work in Civil War field hospitals may have inspired many of the poems published in his collection Drum-Taps.
The Power of Pairing Poems: Walt Whitman and Langston Hughes, which offers ideas for exploring thematic similarities between Whitman’s poem “I Hear America Singing” and Langston Hughes’s poem “I, Too.”
Walt Whitman’s War Work: Primary Sources in the English Classroom.”
The Evolution of Walt Whitman’s “O Captain! My Captain!”
Celebrating Ourselves through Whitman’s “Song of Myself”
Using Poetry to Teach the Importance of Word Choice: Part II, which looks at word choice in Whitman’s poem “Trickle Drops.”
Search the Library’s collection of films on Walt Whitman to find videos of several Whitman readings, lectures, and symposia held at the Library. Watch, for example, the proceedings of the November 2005 symposium “Whitman and Place.”
The Library’s crowdsourcing project, By the People, offers an opportunity for members of the public to transcribe, review, and tag documents from the Library’s digitized collections. In April 2019, to mark the 200th anniversary of Walt Whitman’s birth, the Library added a “Walt Whitman at 200” campaignthrough which volunteers can transcribe several thousand pages of Whitman’s writings and papers to make them more searchable and accessible online. Learn more about Whitman and his writing, while sharing your discoveries with others, by participating in this unique Whitman project.
Words and Deeds in American History showcases the letters and drafts of several American poets and writers. The Arts and Literature overview lists some of the literary figures that are represented such as Henry Wadsworth Longfellow and Langston Hughes.
Explore a complete list of Today in History features related to poetry to find entries about Robert Penn Warren, Phillis Wheatley, and Edgar Allan Poe, and many other literary artists.
To locate other Whitman materials available on the Library’s website and elsewhere on the web, consult Walt Whitman: A Resource Guide.

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Ethiopian PM: 'All of My Intention and Action Is Aimed at Elevating Ethiopia'

FILE - Abiy Ahmed, prime minister of Ethiopia, speaks during the Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize ceremony in Addis Ababa, May 2, 2019.

WASHINGTON (VOA NEWS) — Editor’s note: Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed gave his first interview to a Western news organization when he spoke to the Voice of America’s Horn of Africa service reporter Eskinder Firew, in Addis Ababa, in Amharic. These highlights from their conversation have been edited for brevity and clarity.

For the past year, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has led Ethiopia through dramatic changes. Entrenched ethnic tensions and complex regional conflicts have posed ongoing challenges to the young leader’s reform agenda, but he remains resolute in his desire to make the most of his time in office. Abiy spoke to VOA’s Eskinder Firew about Ethiopia’s relationship with neighbor Eritrea, judicial reforms and the imprint he hopes to leave.

Eskinder Firew: On the occasion of your first anniversary as prime minister, you said, “I am only planning to elevate Ethiopia to high standards, awaken the public and lift up a country that is hanging its head. I don't have any other ill intentions other than that.” What did you mean by that?

Abiy Ahmed: I don’t believe that it’s proper to stay in power for long periods of time. And as long as I have power, I believe that I should use that to change people’s lives. But within my efforts working to bring change, there may be errors — but all of my intention and action is aimed at elevating Ethiopia.

My agenda is not to use certain groups. To attack certain groups. Or to push specific groups or oppress people. What I am working on is work that elevates Ethiopians. That’s what I want, and that is what I do.

I can confidently say that I will not be involved in killing people or benefiting by illegal means by taking away from other people’s pockets as long as I am in a position of leadership.

Firew: In your message to the government and people of Eritrea on the occasion of Eritrea’s Independence Day, you expressed Ethiopia’s readiness to remain committed to jointly addressing all outstanding issues the countries face. What are these “outstanding issues”?

Abiy: If we take the problem between Somalia and Kenya, we want Eritrea and South Sudan, along with Ethiopia, to help one another and provide support to solve these issues. We know that any problem between Somalia and Kenya can spill over toward us. Because of this, we would like to work together to solve it.

There is a wide-ranging issue as it relates to South Sudan. We don’t think that Ethiopia alone can solve the problem, and the same when it comes to the problem between us and Eritrea.

And there are also problems between Eritrea and other countries, too. So this is a region that has a lot of problems. But additionally, this is also a region that wants to move in the direction of integration.

Firew: The border closing between the two countries (Eritrea and Ethiopia) has continued until today. What is the situation currently?

Abiy: ​When the peace process started between the two sides, we saw the borders were widely opened on both sides. We can say that people were moving to and from — not like foreign countries, but movement similar to what happens within a country. There weren't strict controls. And many people came from there to here, and from here to there. But that was not the only thing. Ethiopian opposition members who were based in Eritrea returned to Ethiopia, and Eritrean opposition members based in Ethiopia returned to Eritrea.

There needs to be a system where there is control and a custom-check system. And we need that capacity so that it would be possible to know what people are bringing in and out. There is a concern that if we leave the borders opened uncontrolled, that it would be difficult to prevent problems. We want to ensure that, if people are going from Ethiopia to Eritrea or from Eritrea to Ethiopia, it has to be for peace, development and tourism.

Firew: Regarding change in Ethiopia and legal reforms, some people say that, if the measures taken are enough, we would see the results. But because the measures taken aren't enough, we see continuation of some things. What’s your response?

Abiy: ​Everyone should get equal treatment in the face of the law. It should never be used as a tool for revenge. When we respect the rule of law, it should be in accordance to that. So, when a government takes action, there are some who say that this decision was made by someone from my ethnic group or my community. But unless this thinking is gone or is depleted, it threatens the possibility of protecting the rule of law.

Within just this past year, there are so many people that could be jailed or face detention. Thousands are in prison charged with national security, corruption and displacement, etc. There is no need to put so many people in such a situation, because we want to reduce crime and not add prisoners. But we still have people undergoing these legal processes through the federal and regional levels. But this is not because we are not taking action, it is because we are in the process of focusing on clamping down on crimes that are serious. On the other hand, if we don’t think that the law doesn't apply to all equally, we can't have a sustainable future.