Thursday, May 4, 2017

UGANDA: Why DP can only be saved by the Catholic Church – PART 1

This is a long history which we have broken down into 6 PART
Why Uganda’s DP can only be saved by the Catholic Church - PART 2
Why Uganda’s DP can only be saved by the Catholic Church - PART 3
Why Uganda’s DP can only be saved by the Catholic Church - PART 4
Why Uganda’s DP can only be saved by the Catholic Church - PART 5
Why Uganda’s DP can only be saved by the Catholic Church - PART 6 
The ongoing infighting that is threatening to tear the Democratic Party (DP) apart and the role of the invisible external forces can only be properly analysed by a close look at historical aspects that not only gave rise to the DP but have sustained its existence.  Therefore, in this article we examine
  1. religious rivalry of the colonial period,
  2. special status of the collaborators,
  3. evolution of the church in Uganda,
  4. struggle for independence,
  5. independence,
  6. the aftermath of the 1966 Buganda Crisis,
  7. Iddi Amin and opposition to his reign,
  8. 1980 Elections,
  9. armed resistance against Obote II government,
  10. Okello Coup and Nairobi Peace Talks, 
  11. NRA broad-based government,
  12. LRA and the Northern Uganda insurgency,
  13. Museveni's dictatorship and life presidency schemes. 
The broad coverage is meant to give our young people an insight into our beautiful history which has often been distorted by selfish leaders. The Arabs were the first non-Africans to make contact with the interior of what came to be known as Uganda.  They had been more preoccupied with trade than spread of the Islamic religion. 
When the first Europeans visited Buganda, the then Kabaka invited Protestant missionaries from England in 1875.  In 1877 the Protestant missionaries arrived in Buganda followed by the French Missionaries in 1879.  The Protestants were of the Church Missionary Society (CMS) while the Catholics were of the White Missionaries of Africa and were popularly referred to as White Fathers. They both scrambled to win over the Kabaka and his subjects as coverts. 
Owing to the global rivalry between France and England, the leaders of the two missionary groups i.e. Mackay and Fr. Lourdel did not get along well.  Mutesa who was more interested in securing allies against Bunyoro asked the French Missionaries for their Country's protection but they made it very clear to him that they were on a religious mission and not politics. 
In June 1879, the Kabaka sent three Baganda envoys to England where they met the Queen.  In September 1879 Mutesa who had been attending religious studies by Fr. Lourdel switched sides and turned to the Protestant Missionaries and was baptised together with a number of his chiefs. In November 1879, he switched back to Fr. Lourdel and asked to be baptised. In 1882 Mutesa's ritual killings of some Christian converts and hundreds of his subjects while at the same time plotting to harm the missionaries forced the Catholic Missionaries to completely withdraw from Buganda to Mwanza, south of Lake. Victoria which was a German territory. 
Muteesa died in 1884 and was succeeded by his son Mwanga who had attended religious classes.  He recalled the Catholic missionaries from Mwanza who returned to Buganda in 1885.  In 1886 Mwanga ordered for the execution of 22 native Catholic and 25 native Protestant coverts who have come to be referred to as The Uganda Martyrs. 
In August 1888, the two Christian groups allied with their Muslim brothers and some of Mwanga's Chiefs to oust him from the throne.  His young brother, Kiwewa was installed as the Kabaka but he refused to get  circumcise and was deposed after spending only 40 days on the throne. Kiwewa was succeeded by his young brother; Kalema who converted to Islam. The Muslims chased the Christians out of Kampala with the Catholics fleeing to Buddu, Masaka while the Protestants fled to Ankole.  Two separate attempts by the two Christian groups to oust Kalema ended in failure.  It took the help of the Catholic Mission in Mwanza, Tanzania who aided the Catholics in Buddu who in turn coordinated with the Protestants for joint efforts that defeated the Muslims in October 1889.

Mwanga was reinstated to the throne and the defeated Kalema fled to Bunyoro where he registered Kind Kabalega's support of guns and Sudanese mercenaries.  In November 1889, the Muslims defeated Mwanga and his Christian allies and he fled to Bulingugwe Islands in Lake Victoria.  While in exile Mwanga was advised by a former Missionary turned arms dealer, Charles Stokes to seek the protection of the Imperial British East African Company (IBEA) against Muslims. Jackson, the IBEA's agent offered to help but did not honour the

In December 1889 Mwanga reorganised his army under his top Generals, Semei Kakungulu and Gabudyeri Kintu and with the help of Christian missionaries he defeated the Muslims and regained his throne.  Kalema
fled and died the following year in 1890.  The Muslims recognised Nuhu Mbogo as the new Kabaka for the Muslims and continued with attempts to regain the throne.  In February 1890, the Christian faction (Catholics and Protestants) signed an agreement harmonising their relations.  During the same year, their respective European Missionary leaders, Fr. Lourdel and Mackay died thus marking a lull in factional bickering.
However, the Protestants were not happy with the Catholics' upper hand at Mwanga's court.  When IBEA's Jackson learnt that the German explorer, Karl Peters had visited Mwanga and signed trade agreements, he rushed to Kampala with agreements for protection by IBEA company but with the Catholic Missionaries' influence Mwanga refused to sign it. Jackson led a delegation of Catholic and Protestant missionaries to the British Consulate in Zanzibar for discussions to resolve the standoff.  In July 1890, the Heligoland Treaty ceded Britain's Heligoland Island in the North Sea to German in exchange for the Uganda territory as a British sphere of influence.
Change of guards blog

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